ISSN: 1522-5658

Volume 20 (2018)


Religion and Globalization [ Supplement 16 ]

Edited by Ronald A. Simkins and Zachary B. Smith, Creighton University


Religion and the Commemoration of the Disappeared in Argentina 40 Years after the Dictatorship: A Study of Martyrological Memory at the Church of Santa Cruz

Loren D. Lybarger, Ohio University

James S. Damico, Indiana University

Edward Brudney, Indiana University
[ Abstract ] [ Article PDF ]

The Church as a Workplace: Navigating Competing Ideas and Practices within Religious Employment Institutions

Lenore M. Knight Johnson, Trinity Christian College
[ Abstract ] [ Article PDF ]

Gendered Support for Democratic Values? Religion and the Mediating Influence of Psychological Security

Marie A. Eisenstein, Indiana University Northwest

April K. Clark, Northern Illinois University
[ Abstract ] [ Article PDF ]

This article analyzes how religion shapes Argentine memory of the period of state terror (1976-1983). The analysis focuses on the commemorative practices at the Church of Santa Cruz, a target of the former regime's violence. The article describes the mechanisms through which the church undertakes its commemoration. These processes produce a "martyrological memory" that links the secular political past to core Christian narratives about "the giving of blood" for the sake of justice and "the kingdom of God." A vision of a reconciled Argentina that centers the oppressed and the martyrs thus emerges.
The church, as an institution, is a religious community informed by certain beliefs and values but for clergy it is also employer. Drawing from interviews with 79 pastors and spouses, this paper explores the competing dynamics between congregational employment practices and clergy ideologies and expectations. While pastors are forthright in describing ministry as a job, many hold the church to a higher standard compared to secular employers, drawing from a set of ideas and values I call an "ideology of community." I examine the consequences stemming from different congregational approaches, including churches mimicking secular institutions and churches operating as alternative institutions.
Past research indicates substantive gender differences in democratic norm commitment and political tolerance in the U.S. Analyzing gender differences in democratic values, we focus on religion and the separate traits of psychological security as potential explanations as both a mediating force and direct influence. In general, our results show a lack of gendered differences in the religion-psychological security connection to democratic values, and suggest that unless the psychological security traits are considered separately, we fail to capture the unique and disparate contributions of each. Ruling out gender in the religion-democratic values connection, is a unique contribution in this literature.