The flat element on top of a capital.
Entrance to orchestra of a Roman theater
Innermost sacred room of a temple; the cella.
Small shrine composed of columns supported by a pediment.
Elevated pulpit in the main hall of a church.
Dressing room in a gymnasium or bath.
Semicircular area, usually at the east end of a church.
Lintel resting on columns
A large space that divides the site into places of concentration.
Smaller finds discovered during an archaeological dig.
Cut stone used in building construction.
Different sorts of architecture and/or artifacts found together in situ.
Ceremonial canopy over an altar, throne, or doorway.
A one-meter-wide wall separating 5 x 5-meter or 10 x 10 meter squares.
See High Place.
Raised platform; a rostrum from which orators addressed the people; the platform from which clergy spoke in early churches.
Aniconic representation of a god, in the form of a standing stone.
Meeting place for the city council.
A technique of polishing or decorating pottery by applying pressure with a tool (bone, shell, stick, etc.) to all or part of the vessel prior to firing in a kiln.
The stalls behind the starting gates in a hippodrome.
A mound of stones usually covering a burial; same as tumulus.
Hot room in a bath complex.
Road running north-south in a Roman city.
Defensive wall made from two parallel walls, which are divided by short partitions into rooms.
A Roman fortress; or a holding tank of water.
Auditorium of a theatre.
Holiest room of a temple, usually holding the cult image.
A niched area used for raising pigeons or doves.
Stepped platform that serves as a foundation for a temple.
Main street in Roman city perpendicular to the Cardo.
The chamber, or side chapel, on the south side of a church, which served as the vestry.
Horizontal passage in the cavea of a theatre.
Cella or holiest room of a temple.
Stone table used for burial or other religious purposes.
Prayer hall in a church or synagogue.
Stonework that rests on a row of columns, including an architrave, frieze, and cornice.
Semicircular or rectangular recess or alcove in a building, usually with benches.
Debris or soil used for the purpose of filling pits or leveling the ground.
Dry moat that is dug around the perimeter of a city wall.
Typical Iron Age dwelling consisting of three long rooms, perhaps separated by pillars, with a broad room across the back.
Cold room in a bath complex.
A systematic plan for recording finds and features along a horizontal plane, with letters for one direction of squares, and numbers for the other direction (e.g. Square G47).
Central hall of a temple, preceding the debir.
Sacred area distinct from a temple in which ritual or cultic activity takes place.
A term usually used to designate a broad chronological period or cultural phase.
Public warehouse, often including or used in reference to a granary.
Chamber by which heat from a furnace is distributed throughout a building.
Pillared hall in which the roof rests on the columns.
Something found undisturbed in its original context.
A dry sweat room in a bath.
Locus (pl. loci)
Latin for place, it is a discrete archaeological feature usually in association with architecture, such as a room, a floor, a wall, etc.
A market place distinct from the agora.
Standing or erect stone that functions as a symbol of a divine being.
An upright stone with religious significance; the same as a massebah.
A pool of standing water used for ritual purification.
The portico of a church or basilica.
Central hall in a basilica, separated off by a row of columns.
Rock-cut memorial, symbolizing the dead.
Small Roman theatre or music hall.
Wall with projecting and receding sections
Rectangular stones used to face cast concrete walls.
Square stones set on a 45 degree angle used to face cast concrete walls.
Roman style of floors and walls with cut pieces of polychrome stone, usually marble, to make patterns and figures.
A pottery sherd that bears an inscription, either incised or in ink.
Space between the cavea and the stage of a theatre.
Public area for training athletes.
Subsidiary chapel attached to the side of a Byzantine church.
Rooms that flank the apse of a basilica.
A small handpick.
Triangular upper part of the front of a building, generally surmounting a portico of columns.
Wall or colonnade surrounding a sacred precinct.
Applied to an edifice surrounded by a row of columns.
Row of columns surrounding a court or building.
A stage in ongoing development within a stratum (level), such as a renovation project, which may include various sub-phases.
An upright pier that is like a column and projects from a wall.
First Style: Fresco with painted rectangular panels to imitate marble slabs.
Row of two or three columns standing in the entrance or in front of a building.
Furnace for a bath.
Building in which the Roman commander resides.
The headquarters of a Roman fortress, where the administration of the legion took place.
Porch of a temple.
Entrance to a sacred area.
A wall that surrounds a tower.
The pastophoria, or side chapel, on the north side of a church where the Eucharist was prepared.
Space between the lateral walls of the naos or cella and the peristyle columns of a temple.
Earthen mound piled up around a city as a fortification.
Receptacle for sacred relics.
Water lifting device.
Stage building of a Roman theatre.
Scene building behind the stage of a Roman theatre.
Room for leisure or rest.
The ordering of pottery (usually) according to relative chronology.
Room where sacred object of the Eucharist where stored and prepared for ritual.
A thin veneer of fine clay applied to a vessel before firing.
Platform on which the lector stands in a church.
A 5 x 5-meter or 10 by 10-meter unit on the site that corresponds with the grid; squares are usually separated from one another by one-meter walls (see balk).
Building with one or more sides consisting of a colonnade.
The mapping and analysis of the discrete levels of a site.
A coherent level of habitation at some period in the life of a site.
Base or foundation on which a colonnade is placed; the top step of a crepidoma.
Steam room of a bath complex.
Bench on which the priests and bishop sit.
Tell / Tel
Mound constructed from the accumulation of debris from successive human occupations.
Warm room of a bath complex, with a lukewarm water bath.
Four pedestals at the juncture of two cross-streets.
Portico of four columns.
Roman style dining room with three couches arranged in a U-shape.
Blocks with three verticle channels, used to decorate a frieze.
A mound of stones, usually covering a burial.
The study and classification of types, usually pottery.
A stone that forms one of the units of an arch.