The flat element on top of a capital.
Innermost sacred room of a temple; the cella.
Small shrine composed of columns supported by a pediment.
Elevated pulpit in the main hall of a church.
Dressing room in a gymnasium or bath.
Semicircular area, usually at the east end of a church.
Lintel resting on columns
Cut stone used in building construction.
Ceremonial canopy over an altar, throne, or doorway.
See High Place.
Raised platform; a rostrum from which orators addressed the people; the platform from which clergy spoke in early churches.
Aniconic representation of a god, in the form of a standing stone.
Meeting place for the city council.
The stalls behind the starting gates in a hippodrome.
A mound of stones usually covering a burial; same as tumulus.
Hot room in a bath complex.
Road running north-south in a Roman city.
Defensive wall made from two parallel walls, which are divided by short partitions into rooms.
A Roman fortress; or a holding tank of water.
Auditorium of a theatre.
Holiest room of a temple, usually holding the cult image.
A niched area used for raising pigeons or doves.
Stepped platform that serves as a foundation for a temple.
Main street in Roman city perpendicular to the Cardo.
The chamber, or side chapel, on the south side of a church, which served as the vestry.
Horizontal passage in the cavea of a theatre.
Cella or holiest room of a temple.
Stone table used for burial or other religious purposes.
Prayer hall in a church or synagogue.
Stonework that rests on a row of columns, including an architrave, frieze, and cornice.
Semicircular or rectangular recess or alcove in a building, usually with benches.
Dry moat that is dug around the perimeter of a city wall.
Typical Iron Age dwelling consisting of three long rooms, perhaps separated by pillars, with a broad room across the back.
Cold room in a bath complex.
Central hall of a temple, preceding the
Sacred area distinct from a temple in which ritual or cultic activity takes place.
Chamber by which heat from a furnace is distributed throughout a building.
Pillared hall in which the roof rests on the columns.
A dry sweat room in a bath.
A market place distinct from the agora.
Standing or erect stone that functions as a symbol of a divine being.
An upright stone with religious significance; the same as a massebah.
A pool of standing water used for ritual purification.
The portico of a church or basilica.
Central hall in a basilica, separated off by a row of columns.
Rock-cut memorial, symbolizing the dead.
Small Roman theatre or music hall.
Wall with projecting and receding sections
Rectangular stones used to face cast concrete walls.
Square stones set on a 45 degree angle used to face cast concrete walls.
Roman style of floors and walls with cut pieces of polychrome stone, usually marble, to make patterns and figures.
Space between the cavea and the stage of a theatre.
Public area for training athletes.
Subsidiary chapel attached to the side of a Byzantine church.
Rooms that flank the apse of a basilica.
Triangular upper part of the front of a building, generally surmounting a portico of columns.
Wall or colonnade surrounding a sacred precinct.
Applied to an edifice surrounded by a row of columns.
Row of columns surrounding a court or building.
An upright pier that is like a column and projects from a wall.
First Style: Fresco with painted rectangular panels to imitate marble slabs.
Row of two or three columns standing in the entrance or in front of a building.
Furnace for a bath.
Porch of a temple.
Entrance to a sacred area.
A wall that surrounds a tower.
The pastophoria, or side chapel, on the north side of a church where the Eucharist was prepared.
Space between the lateral walls of the naos or cella and the peristyle columns of a temple.
Earthen mound piled up around a city as a fortification.
Receptacle for sacred relics.
Water lifting device.
Stage building of a Roman theatre.
Scene building behind the stage of a Roman theatre.
Room for leisure or rest.
Room where sacred object of the Eucharist where stored and prepared for ritual.
Platform on which the lector stands in a church.
Building with one or more sides consisting of a colonnade.
Base or foundation on which a colonnade is placed; the top step of a crepidoma.
Steam room of a bath complex.
Bench on which the priests and bishop sit.
Tell / Tel
Mound constructed from the accumulation of debris from successive human occupations.
Warm room of a bath complex, with a lukewarm water bath.
Four pedestals at the juncture of two cross-streets.
Portico of four columns.
Roman style dining room with three couches arranged in a U-shape.
Blocks with three verticle channels, used to decorate a frieze.
A mound of stones, usually covering a burial.
A stone that forms one of the units of an arch.