Patristics

 Bibliography #5:

  Cyril of Alexandria

  & the Christological Controversy

BIBLIOGRAPHIES
 - New Testament
 - Early Christianity
 - Medieval Christianity
 - The Reformation
 - Spirituality & Mysticism
 - Sacraments
 - 20th-Century Theology

 

 EARLY

 CHRISTIAN

 STUDIES

 

#1: Surveys, Intros
#2: Ignatius of Antioch
#3: Origen
#4: Athanasius
#5: Cyril of Alexandria
#6: Jerome & Ambrose
#7: Augustine of Hippo
#8: Antony
#9: Cyril of Jerusalem
#10: Melania the Elder

 

 compiled by William Harmless, S.J.

Creighton University

 

     1. Christology in the Early Church: Surveys & Introduction

     2. John Chrysostom: Texts, Translations & Studies

     3. Theodore of Mopsuestia: Texts, Translations & Studies

     4. Cyril of Alexandria, Nestorius & the Council of Ephesus: Texts & Studies

     5. Leo I, Theodoret of Cyrrhus & the Council of Chalcedon: Texts & Studies

     6. Maximus Confessor: Texts, Translations & Studies

     7. John of Damascus & the Later Greek Fathers: Texts & Studies

     8. Ephrem the Syrian & Other Syriac Fathers: Texts & Studies

 

 

 1. CHRISTOLOGY IN THE EARLY CHURCH: SURVEYS & INTRODUCTIONS

 

Brian E. Daley, “Christ and Christologies,” pp. 886-905, in Susan Ashbrook Harvey & David G. Hunter, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).  A valuable brief overview.  The opening paragraphs eloquently state the issues at stake.

 

Brian E. Daley, “Nature and the ‘Mode of Union’: Late Patristic Models for the Personal Unity of Christ,” pp. 164-196, in Stephen T. Davis, Daniel Kendall & Gerald O’Collins, The Incarnation: An Interdisciplinary Symposium (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002) hardcover.

Donald Fairbairn, Grace and Christology in the Early Church, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003).

Paul L. Gavrilyuk, The Sufferings of the Impassible God: The Dialectics of Patristic Thought, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).  Excellent debunking of the widespread view that "impassibility" is an import from Greek philosophy and contradicts the Biblical conception of God.

Alois Grillmeier, Christ in the Christian Tradition, Vol. 1: From the Apostolic Age to Chalcedon, rev. ed., trans. John Bowden (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1975).

Alois Grillmeier and Theresia Hainthaler, Christ in Christian Tradition: Volume 2, Part 3: The Churches of Jerusalem and Antioch, trans. Marianne Erhardt (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013) hardcover, $350.  NEW.  Grillmeier had been left this final volume incomplete at the time of his death, and it has now been completed by Hainthaler.

J.N.D. Kelly, Early Christian Doctrines, 5th edition (reprint: New York: Continuum, 2000).

John Meyendorff, Christ in Eastern Christian Thought (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1987).  Valuable on Christology after Chalcedon.

Norman Russell, The Doctrine of Deification in the Greek Patristic Tradition, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Basil Studer, Trinity and Incarnation: The Fathers of the Early Church (Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1994).

Frances Young (with Andrew Teale), From Nicaea to Chalcedon, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010).

 

 

 2. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM: TEXTS, TRANSLATIONS & STUDIES

 

John Chrysostom (d. 407) was the most eloquent preacher of the early church, and his sermons would become models of preaching for centuries to come.  For all his rhetorical gifts, he found himself ill-equipped to deal with the intricate and deadly politics of the imperial capital during his time as patriarch of Constantinople.

 

Texts: The classic edition of Chrysostom's writings is found in J. Migne, ed., Patrologia Graeca, vol. 47-64.  These are gradually being updated by critical editions.  Here are the major ones:

Ad Theodorum lapsum: J. Dumortier, ed., A Théodore, Sources chrétiennes 117 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1966).

Ad viduam juniorem: B. Grillet and G. H. Ettlinger, eds., A une jeune veuve: Sur le mariage unique, Sources chrétiennes 138 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1968).

Catecheses ad baptizandos: A. Wenger, ed., Jean Chrysostome: Huit catéchèses baptismales inédites, 2nd ed., Sources chrétiennes 50 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1970); A. Piédagnel and L. Doutreleau, eds., Jean Chrysostome: Trois catéchèses baptismales, Sources chrétiennes 366 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1990).

Commentarius in Job: U. Hagedorn and D. Hagedorn, ed. and trans., Kommentar zu Hiob, PTS 35 (Berlin: de Gruyter, 1990); H. Sorlin and L. Neyrand, eds., Commentaire sur Job, 2 vols., Sources chrétiennes 346, 348 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1988).

Contra Anomoeos: A.-M.Malingrey, ed., Sur l’égalité du Père et du Fils: Contre les anoméens homélies VII–XII, Sources chrétiennes 396 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1994).

De Babyla: M. A. Schatkin, C. Blanc, B. Grillet, and J.-N. Guinot, eds., Discours sur Babylas, Sources chrétiennes 362 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1990).

De inani gloria: A.-M. Malingrey, ed., Sur la vaine gloire et l’éducation des enfants, Sources chrétiennes 188 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1972).

De incomprehensibili Dei natura: J. Daniélou, A.-M.Malingrey, and R. Flacelière, eds., Sur l’incompréhensibilité de Dieu: Homélies I–V, 2nd ed., Sources chrétiennes 28 bis (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 2000).

De laudibus Pauli: A. Piédagnel, ed., Panégyriques de s. Paul, Sources chrétiennes 300 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1982).

De providentia: A.-M.Malingrey, ed., Sur la providence de Dieu, rev. ed., Sources chrétiennes 79 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 2000).

De sacerdotio: A.-M. Malingrey, ed., Sur le sacerdoce: Dialogue et homélie, Sources chrétiennes 272 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1980).

De virginitate: H. Musurillo, ed., B. Grillet, trans., La virginité, Sources chrétiennes 125 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1966).

Epistulae ad Olympiadem: A.-M. Malingrey, ed., Lettres à Olympias, 2nd ed., Sources chrétiennes 13 bis (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1968); A.-M. Malingrey, ed., Lettre d’exil à Olympias et à tous les fidèles (Quod nemo laeditur), Sources chrétiennes 103 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1964).

Homiliae in Genesim: L. Brottier, ed., Sermons sur la Genèse, Sources chrétiennes 433 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1998).

In Isaiam: J. Dumortier and A. Leifooghe, eds., Commentaire sur Isaïe, Sources chrétiennes 304 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1983).

Palladius, Dialogus de vita Chrysostomi: A.-M. Malingrey and P. Leclerq, eds., Dialogue sur la vie de Jean Chrysostome, 2 vols., Sources chrétiennes 341, 342 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1988).

 

Translations: The bulk of Chrysostom's writings were translated in the 19th century and are available in vol. 9-14 of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, 1st series (1889: reprinted: Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1995). For a valuable selection of his major writings, see Wendy Mayer and Pauline Allen, ed. and trans., John Chrysostom, Early Church Fathers (New York: Routledge, 2000).  Other recent translations are:

T.A. Goggin, trans., St. John Chrysostom: Commentary on Saint John the Apostle and Evangelist: Homilies, Fathers of the Church 33, 41 (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America, 1957–1969).

Paul W. Harkins, trans., St. John Chrysostom: Discourses against Judaizing Christians, Fathers of the Church 68 (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America, 1979).

Paul W. Harkins, trans., St. John Chrysostom: On the Incomprehensible Nature of God, Fathers of the Church 72 (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1984).

Paul W. Harkins, trans., John Chrysostom: Baptismal Instructions, Ancient Christian Writers 31 (Westminster, MD: Newman, 1963).

Robert C. Hill, trans., St. John Chrysostom: Homilies on Genesis, 3 vols., Fathers of the Church 74, 82, 87 (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1986–1992)

Robert C. Hill, trans., St. John Chrysostom: Commentary on the Psalms, 2 vols. (Brookline, MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 1998).

Robert C. Hill, trans., Eight Sermons on Genesis (Boston: Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 2004). 

Wendy Mayer, trans., St. John Chrysostom: The Cult of the Saints, Popular Patristics series (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2006).

G. Neville, trans., Six Books on the Priesthood (1964; reprint: Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1996).

Margaret A. Schatkin and Paul W. Harkins, trans., Apologist: John Chrysostom, Fathers of the Church 73 (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1985) [Discourse on Blessed Babylas and against the Greeks, Demonstration against the Pagans That Christ Is God].

Robert T. Meyer, trans., Palladius: Dialogue on the Life of St. John Chrysostom, Ancient Christian Writers 45 (New York: Newman, 1985).

 

Studies:

J.N.D. Kelly, Golden Mouth: The Story of John Chrysostom—Ascetic, Preacher, Bishop (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995).  This is the classic study of Chrysostom's life and works.  Begin here.

 

Pauline Allen, “John Chrysostom’s Homilies on I and II Thessalonians: The Preacher and His Audience,” Studia Patristica 31 (Louvain: Peeters, 1997), 3-21.

Pauline Allen and Wendy Mayer, “John Chrysostom,” in The Early Christian World, ed. P. F. Esler (New York: Routledge, 2000), 2:1128-1150.

Elizabeth A. Clark, Jerome, Chrysostom, and Friends: Essays and Translations (New York: Mellen, 1979).

R. Delmaire, “Les ‘lettres d’exil’ de Jean Chrysostome: Études de chronologie et de prosopographie,” Recherches Augustiniennes 25 (1991): 71-180.

Susanna Elm, “The Dog That Did Not Bark: Doctrine and Patriarchal Authority in Conflict between Theophilus of Alexandria and John Chrysostom of Constantinople,” in Christian Origins: Theology, Rhetoric, and Community, eds. Lewis Ayres and Gareth Jones (New York: Routledge, 1998), 68-93.

A.J. Festugière, Antioche païenne et chrétienne: Libanius, Chrysostome, et les moines de Syrie (Paris: Boccard, 1959).

Thomas M. Finn, The Liturgy of Baptism in the Baptismal Instructions of St. John Chrysostom, Studies in Christian Antiquity 15 (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1967).

Robert C. Hill, “The Spirituality of Chrysostom’s Commentary on the Psalms,” Journal of Early Christian Studies 5 (1997): 568-579.

David G. Hunter, “Preaching and Propaganda in Fourth Century Antioch: John Chrysostom’s Homilies on the Statues,” in Preaching in the Patristic Age: Studies in Honor of Walter J. Burghardt, S.J. (New York: Paulist, 1989), 119-138.

Charles Kannengiesser, ed., Jean Chrysostome et Augustin, Théologie Historique 35 (Paris: Beauchesne, 1975).

R.A. Krupp, Shepherding the Flock: The Pastoral Theology of John Chrysostom (New York: Lang, 1991).

M.E. Lawrenz, The Christology of John Chrysostom (Lewiston, NY: Mellen, 1997).

Blake Leyerle, “John Chrysostom on Almsgiving and the Use of Money,” Harvard Theological Review 87 (1994): 29-47.

J.H.W.G. Liebeschuetz, Barbarians and Bishops: Army, Church, and State in the Age of Arcadius and Chrysostom (Oxford: Clarendon; New York: Oxford University Press, 1990)

J.H.W.G. Liebeschuetz, Ambrose and John Chrysostom: Clerics Between Desert and Empire (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

M. Lochbrunner, Über das Priestertum: Historische und systematische Untersuchung zum Priesterbild des Johannes Chrysostomus (Bonn: Borengässer, 1993).

Jaclyn Maxwell, Christianization and Communication in Late Antiquity: John Chrysostom and His Congregation in Antioch (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Wendy Mayer, “John Chrysostom and His Audiences: Distinguishing Different Congregations at Antioch and Constantinople,” Studia Patristica 31 (Louvain: Peeters, 1997), 70-75.

Wendy Mayer, “Patronage, Pastoral Care, and the Role of the Bishop at Antioch,” Vigiliae Christianae 55 (2001).

Wendy Mayer and Pauline Allen, John Chrysostom, Early Church Fathers (New York: Routledge, 2000).

Margaret M. Mitchell, The Heavenly Trumpet: John Chrysostom and the Art of Pauline Interpretation (Nashville: Westminster John Knox, 2002).

F. van de Paverd, St. John Chrysostom, the Homilies on the Statues: An Introduction, Orientalia Christiana Analecta 239 (Rome: Pontificium Institutum Studiorum Orientalium, 1991).

Hugh M. Riley, Christian Initiation: A Comparative Study of the Interpretation of the Baptismal Liturgy in the Mystagogical Writings of Cyril of Jerusalem, John Chrysostom, Theodore of Mopsuestia, and Ambrose of Milan, Studies in Christian Antiquity 17 (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1974).

A.M. Ritter, Charisma im Verständnis des Johannes Chrysostomos und seiner Zeit: Ein Beitrag zur Erforschung der griechisch-orientalischen Ekklesiologie in der Frühzeit der Reichskirche (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1972).

A. Valevicius, “Les 24 homélies De statuis de Jean Chrysostome,” Revue des Étudies Augustiniennes 46 (2000): 83-91.

Robert L. Wilken, John Chrysostom and the Jews: Rhetoric and Reality in the Late Fourth Century, Transformation of the Classical Heritage 4 (1983; reprint: Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock Publishers, 2004).

 

 

 3. THEODORE OF MOPSUESTIA: TEXTS, TRANSLATIONS & STUDIES

 

Theodore of Mopsuestia (d. 428) was a friend of John Chrysostom who spent much of his career as a presbyter in Antioch, but towards the end of his life became bishop of Mopsuestia. He pioneered the strong Antiochene emphasis on the full humanity of Jesus.  His reputation was posthumously tarnished by association with Nestorius, and many of his works were lost in the original Greek but were preserved in Syriac. The 20th century saw the recovery of his works and new appreciation of his achievements (and limits).

 

Texts: A small portion of his writings are reprinted in J. Migne, Patrologia Graeca, vol. 66.  The majority of his writings are preserved only in Syriac (and a few in Latin).  Here are some of the major editions:

R. Devresse, ed., Le commentaire de Théodore de Mopsueste sur les Psaumes (I–LXXX), StT 93 (Vatican City: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1939).

G. Finaert, ed., Les homélies catéchétiques de Théodore de Mopsueste, Studi et Testi 145 (Vatican: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticano, 1949).

T. Jansma, “Théodore de Mopsueste, interprétation du livre de la Genèse: Fragments de la version syriaque (B. D. Add. 17, 189, fol. 17–21),” LeMuseon 75 (1962): 63-92.

L. van Rompay, ed., Fragments syriaques du Commentaire des Psaumes: (Psaume 118 et Psaumes 138–148) 2 vols., CSCO 435-436 (Louvain: Peeters, 1982).

H.N. Sprenger, ed., Theodori Mopsuesteni Commentarius in XII prophetas (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1977).

W. Strothmann, ed., Das syrische Fragment des Ecclesiastes-Kommentars von Theodor von Mopsuestia: Syrischer Text mit vollständigem Wörter verzeichnis (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1988).

R. Tonneau and R. Devreesse, Les Homélies catéchétiques: Reproduction phototypique du ms. Mingana Syrr. 561, Studie e Testi 145 (Vatican City: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1949; reprint: 1966).

John Behr, ed. and trans., The Case Against Diodore and Theodore, Oxford Early Christian Texts (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).  A collection of the texts that led to Diodore of Tarsus' and Theodore's posthumous condemnation by the Council of Constantinople II.

 

Translations:

Robert C. Hill, trans., Theodore of Mopsuestia: Commentary on the Twelve Prophets, Fathers of the Church 108 (Washington: Catholic University Press, 2004).

Frederick G. McLeod, ed., Theodore of Mopsuestia, Early Church Fathers (New York: Routledge, 2009).  A very helpful selection of key texts. 

A. Mingana, ed., Commentary of Theodore of Mopsuestia on the Nicene Creed, Woodbooke Studies 5 (Cambridge: Heffer, 1932) [Catechetical Homilies 1-10]

A. Mingana, ed., Commentary of Theodore of Mopsuestia on the Lord’s Prayer and on the Sacraments of Baptism and the Eucharist, Woodbrooke Studies 6 (Cambridge: Heffer, 1933) [Catechetical Homilies 11-16]

Richard A. Norris Jr., The Christological Controversy, Sources of Early Christian Thought (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1980), 113-122 [On the Incarnation—fragments].

Edward Yarnold, ed., The Awe-Inspiring Rites of Initiation: the Origins of the RCIA, second edition (Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 1994), 165-250 [Baptismal Homilies 2-4]

 

Studies:

P. Bruns, Den Menschen mit dem Himmel verbinden: Eine Studie zu den Katechetischen Homilien des Theodor von Mopsuestia, CSCO 549 (Louvain: Peeters, 1995).

Joanne McWilliam Dewart, The Theology of Grace of Theodore of Mopsuestia (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1971).

S. Gerber, Theodor von Mopsuestia und das Nicänum. Studien zu den katechetischen Homilien, Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 51 (Leiden / Boston: Brill, 2000).

Rowan A. Greer, The Captain of Our Salvation: A Study in the Patristic Exegesis of Hebrews (Tübingen: Mohr, 1973).

Robert C. Hill, “Theodore of Mopsuestia: Interpreter of the Prophets,” Sacri Erudiri 40 (2001): 107-129.

Robert C. Hill, “His Master’s Voice: Theodore of Mopsuestia on the Psalms,” Heythrop Journal 45 (2004): 40-53.

Aloys Grillmeier, Christ in Christian Tradition, trans. John Bowden, 2nd rev. ed. (Atlanta: John Knox, 1975), 2/2: 419-462.

C. Leonhard, “Şūrat Ktāb: Bemerkungen zum sogenannten Rituale des Theodor von Mopsuestia am Beginn der katechetischen Homilien 12-16,” Vigiliae Christianae 56 (2002): 411-433.

Frederick G. McLeod, The Image of God in the Antiochene Tradition (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1999).

Frederick G. McLeod, “Theodore of Mopsuestia Revisited,” Theological Studies 61 (2000): 447-480.

Frederick G. McLeod, “The Christological Ramifications of Theodore of Mopsuestia’s Understanding of Baptism and the Eucharist,” Journal of Early Christian Studies 10 (2002): 37-75.

Frederick G. McLeod, The Roles of Christ’s Humanity in Salvation: Insights from Theodore of Mopsuestia (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2005).

Richard A. Norris, Manhood and Christ: A Study in the Christology of Theodore of Mopsuestia (Oxford: Clarendon, 1963).

John J. O’Keefe, “Impassible Suffering? Divine Passion and Fifth-Century Christology,” Theological Studies 58 (1997) 39-60.

Hugh M. Riley, Christian Initiation: A Comparative Study of the Interpretation of the Baptismal Liturgy in the Mystagogical Writings of Cyril of Jerusalem, John Chrysostom, Theodore of Mopsuestia, and Ambrose of Milan (SCA 17; Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1974).

D.Z. Zaharopoulos, Theodore of Mopsuestia on the Bible: A Study of His Old Testament Exegesis (New York: Paulist, 1989).

 

 

 4. CYRIL OF ALEXANDRIA, NESTORIUS & THE COUNCIL OF EPHESUS

 

John A. McGuckin, St. Cyril of Alexandria: the Christological Controversy: Its History, Theology and Texts (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2004). A fine introduction to the disputes on the unity of the person of Christ that took place before and during the momentous Council of Ephesus.  McGuckins includes in his appendix a valuable collection of the key documents.

 

Norman Russell, Cyril of Alexandria, Early Church Fathers Series (New York: Routledge, 2000)Cyril, a brilliant theologian and an unscrupulous politician, was the great opponent of Nestorius and engineered his downfall at the Council of Ephesus.  This new volume provides a valuable introduction and selection of texts.

 

G.R. Driver & Leonard Hodgson, ed., Nestorius: The Bazaar of Heraclides (reprint: Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock).

Joseph A. Hallman, “The Seed of Fire: Divine Suffering in the Christology of Cyril of Alexandria and Nestorius of Constantinople,” Journal of Early Christian Studies 5 (1997) 369-391; reprinted in Everett Ferguson, ed., Doctrinal Diversity: Varieties of Early Christianity, Recent Studies in Early Christianity 4 (New York: Garland, 1999) 71-94.

Daniel A. Keating, The Appropriation of Divine Life in Cyril of Alexandria, Oxford Theological Monographs (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Steven A. McKinion, Words, Imagery, and the Mystery of Christ: A Reconstruction of Cyril of Alexandria’s Christology (Leiden: Brill, 2000).

John A. McGuckin, trans, St. Cyril of Alexandria: On the Unity of Christ (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1995).  Includes an excellent introduction.

Bernard Meunier, Le Christ de Cyrille d’Alexandre: L’humanité, le salut, et la question monophysite, Théologie historique 104 (Paris: Beauchesne, 1997).

John J. O'Keefe and Philip Amidon, ed. and trans., St. Cyril of Alexandria: Festal Letters, 1-10, Fathers of the Church (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2009)

John J. O’Keefe, “‘A Letter That Killeth’: Towards a Reassessment of Antiochene Exegesis, or Diodore, Theodore, and Theodoret on the Psalms,” Journal of Early Christian Studies 8 (2000): 83-104.

John J. O’Keefe, “Impassible Suffering?  Divine Passion and Fifth-Century Christology,” Theological Studies 58 (1997): 39-60.

Norman Russell, Theophilus of Alexandria, Early Church Fathers (New York: Routledge, 2007).

Hans Van Loon, The Dyophysite Christology of Cyril of Alexandria, Supplements to Vigilae Christianae (Boston / Leiden: Brill, 2009).

Thomas G. Weinandy & Daniel Keating, eds., The Theology of St. Cyril of Alexandria: A Critical Appreciation (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2003).

Susan Wessel, Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian Controversy: The Making of a Saint and of a Heretic, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Lionel R. Wickham, ed., Cyril of Alexandria: Selected Letters (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983) Excellent translations with the facing Greek text.

Robert L. Wilken, Judaism and the Early Christian Mind: A Study of Cyril of Alexandria's Exegesis and Theology (1971; reprint: Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2004).

 

 

 5. LEO, THEODORET OF CYRUS  & THE COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON

 

Paul B. Clayton, The Christology of Theodoret of Cyrus: Antiochene Christology from the Council of Ephesus (431) to the Council of Chalcedon (451), Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).

Bernard Green, Soteriology of Leo the Great, Oxford Theological Monographs (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

W.H.C. Frend, The Rise of the Monophysite Movement: Chapters in the History of the Church in the Fifth and Sixth Centuries (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972).

Robert C. Hill, trans., Theodoret of Cyrus: Commentary on the Psalms 1-72, Fathers of the Church 101 (Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 2000).

Robert C. Hill, trans. and ed., Theodoret of Cyrus: The Questions on the Octateuch, Vol. 1: On Genesis and Exodus, Library of Early Christianity 1 (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2007).

Robert C. Hill, trans. and ed., Theodoret of Cyrus: The Questions on the Octateuch, Vol. 2: On Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, and Ruth, Library of Early Christianity 2 (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2007).

Bronwen Neil, ed. and trans., Leo the Great, Early Church Fathers (New York: Routledge, 2009).

István Pásztori-Kupán, ed. and trans., Theodoret of Cyrus, Early Church Fathers (New York: Routledge, 2006).

Richard Price, ed., Chalcedon in Context: Church Councils, 400-700, Translated Texts for Historians, Contexts (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2009).  Excellent collection of essays.

Richard Price & Michael Gaddis, trans., Acts of the Council of Chalcedon, 3 vol., Translated Texts for Historians (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2007).  The first complete translation of the Acts of Chalcedon.  It offers valuable insights into the dynamic of the Council.

Richard Price, ed. and trans., The Acts of the Council of Constantinople of 553 [With Related Texts on the Three Chapters Controversy], Translated Texts for Historians (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2009).

Adrian M. Schor, Theodoret's People; Social Networks and Religious Conflict in Late Roman Syria, Transformation of the Classical Heritage (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2011).

Susan Wessel, Leo the Great and the Spiritual Rebuilding of a Universal Rome, Supplement to Vigilae Christianae (Boston / Leiden: Brill, 2008).

 

 

 6. MAXIMUS THE CONFESSOR: TEXTS, TRANSLATIONS & STUDIES

 

Maximus the Confessor (580-662) was a Byzantine monk and one of the great theologians in the history of Christianity.  At the end of his career, he was brutally tortured because of his devotion to Chalcedonian christology and his defense of the human will of Christ (thus, the moniker of "the Confessor").  He spent his later years in North Africa and became one of the last theologians to bridge the gap between East and West.

 

Texts: The classic edition of Maximus' works is found in J. Migne, Patrologia Graeca, vol. 90-91. These are gradually being replaced by critical editions:

Ambigua: E. Jeauneau, ed., Maximi Confessoris Ambigua ad Johannem: Iuxta Johannis Scotti Eriugenae latinam interpretationem, CCSG 18 (Turnhout: Brepols; Louvain: Louvain University Press, 1988); B. Janssens, ed., Maximi Confessoris Ambigua ad Thomam vna cvm Epistula secunda ad Evndem, CCSG 48 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2002).

Capita de caritate: A. Ceresa-Gastaldo, ed., Capitoli sulla carita, VSen NS 3 (Rome: Studium, 1963).

Expositio in Psalmum LIX, Expositio orationis dominicae: P. van Deun, ed., Maximi Confessoris opuscula exegetica duo, CCSG 23 (Turnhout: Brepols, 1991).

Liber Asceticus: P. van Deun, ed., Liber asceticus, CCSG 40 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2000).

Quaestiones ad Thalassium: C. Laga and C. Steel, eds., Maximi Confessoris Quaestiones ad Thalassium: Una cum latina interpretatione Joannis Scotti Eriugenae iuxta posita, 2 vols., CCSG 7, 22 (Turnhout: Brepols, 1980–1990).

Quaestiones et dubia: J. H. Declerck, ed., Maximi Confessoris Quaestiones et dubia, CCSG 10 (Turnhout: Brepols; Louvain: Louvain University Press, 1982).

Biographical Documents: Pauline Allen & Bronwen Neil, eds., Maximus Confessor and His Companions: Documents From Exile, Oxford Early Christian Texts (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003). [Record of the Trial; Dispute at Bizy; Letter of Maximus to Anastasius; Letter to the Monks of Cagliari; Letter of Anastasius Apocrisarius to Theodosius of Gangra, Commemoration, Against the People of Constantinople].

 

Translations:

G. C. Berthold, trans., Maximus the Confessor: Selected Writings, Classics of Western Spirituality (London: SPCK, 1985) [Four Hundred Chapters on Love, Commentary on the Our Father, Chapters on Knowledge, The Church’s Mystagogy].

Paul M. Blowers and Robert L. Wilken, trans., St. Maximus the Confessor: On the Cosmic Mystery of Jesus Christ, Popular Patristics Series (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2003) [Ambiguum 7, 8, 42; Ad Thalassium 1, 2, 6, 17, 21, 22, 42, 60, 61, 64; Opusculum 6].

Andrew Louth, Maximus the Confessor, Early Church Fathers (New York: Routledge, 1996) [Difficulty 1, 5, 10, 41, 71; Opuscule 3, 7; Letter 2].

 

Studies:

Hans Urs von Balthasar, Die “Gnostischen Centurien” des Maximus Confessor (Fribourg: Herder, 1941).

Hans Urs von Balthasar, Cosmic Liturgy, trans. B. Daley (San Francisco: Ignatius, 2003).

Demetrios Bathrellos, The Byzantine Christ: Person, Nature, and Will in the Christology of Saint Maximus the Confessor, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Paul M. Blowers, Exegesis and Spiritual Pedagogy in Maximus Confessor: An Investigation of the ‘Quaestiones ad Thalassium’, Christianity and Judaism in Antiquity 7 (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1991).

Paul M. Blowers, “Maximus the Confessor, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Concept of ‘Perpetual Progress,’” Vigiliae Christianae 46 (1992): 151-171.

Paul M. Blowers, “Gentiles of the Soul: Maximus the Confessor on the Substructure and Transformation of the Human Passions,” Journal of Early Christian Studies 4 (1996):
57-85.

Paul M. Blowers, “Theology as Visionary, Integrative, Pastoral: The Legacy of Maximus the Confessor,” Pro Ecclesia 2 (1993): 216-230.

Paul M. Blowers, “The Passion of Jesus Christ in Maximus the Confessor: A Reconsideration,” Studia Patristica 37 (2001): 361-377.

Paul M. Blowers, “The World in the Mirror of Holy Scripture: Maximus the Confessor’s Short Hermeneutical Treatise in Ambiguum ad Joannem 37,” in In Dominico Eloquio—In Lordly Eloquence: Essays on Patristic Exegesis in Honor of Robert Louis Wilken, eds. Paul M. Blowers et al. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002), 408-426.

Adam G. Cooper, “St. Maximus the Confessor on Priesthood, Hierarchy, and Rome,” Pro Ecclesia 10 (2001): 346-367.

Adam G. Cooper, “Maximus the Confessor and the Structural Dynamics of Revelation,” Vigiliae Christianae 55 (2001): 161-186.

Adam G. Cooper, The Body in St. Maximus the Confessor: Holy Flesh, Wholly Deified, Oxford Early Christian Studies; New York: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Marcel Doucet, “La volunté humaine du Christ, spécialment en son agonie: Maxime le Confesseur, interprète de l’Écriture,” Science et esprit 37 (1985): 123-159.

Juan-Miguel Garrigues, Maxime le Confesseur: La charité, avenir divin de l’homme, Théologie Historique 38 (Paris: Beauchesne, 1976).

Irenee Hausherr, Philautie: De la tendresse pour soi à la charité selon saint Maxime le Confesseur, Orientalia Christiana Analecta 137 (Rome: Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1952).

Felix Heinzer and Christoph von Schönborn, eds. (1982), Maximus Confessor: Actes du symposium sur Maxime le Confesseur, Fribourg, 2–5 septembre, 1980, Par. 27 (Fribourg: Editions Universitaires, 1982).

Vasilios Karayiannis, Maxime le Confesseur: Essence et énergies de Dieu, Théologie Historique 93 (Paris: Beauchesne, 1993).

A.E. Kattan, Verleiblichung und Synergie: Grundzüge der Bibelhermeneutik bei Maximus Confessor, Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 63 (Leiden / Boston: Brill, 2003).

Jean-Claude Larchet, "Le baptême selon Maxime le Confesseur," Revue des sciences religieuses 65 (1991): 51-70.

Jean-Claude Larchet, La divinisation de l’homme selon saint Maxime le Confesseur, Cogitatio fidei 194 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1996).

Jean-Claude Larchet, Maxime le Confesseur: Médiateur entre l’Orient et l’Occident, Cogitatio Fidei 208 (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1998).

Jean-Claude Larchet, “Ancestral Guilt according to St. Maximus the Confessor: A Bridge between Eastern and Western Conceptions,” Sobornost 20 (1998): 26-48.

F.-M. Léthel, Théologie de l’agonie du Christ: La liberté humaine du Fils de Dieu et son importance sotériologique mises en lumière par saint Maxime le Confesseur, Théologie Historique 52 (Paris: Beauchesne, 1979).

Andrew Louth (1996), Maximus the Confessor, Early Church Fathers (New York: Routledge, 1996).

Andrew Louth (1997): “St. Maximus the Confessor: Between East and West,” Studia Patristica 32 (1997): 332-345.

Andrew Louth (1998), “Recent Research on St. Maximus the Confessor: A Survey,” St. Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 42 (1998): 67-84.

Aidan Nichols, Byzantine Gospel: Maximus the Confessor in Modern Scholarship (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1993).

Cyril O’Regan, “Von Balthasar and Thick Retrieval: Post-Chalcedonian Symphonic Theology,” Gregorianum 77 (1996): 227-260.

Pierre Piret, Le Christ et la Trinité selon Maxime le Confesseur, Théologie Historique 69 (Paris: Beauchesne, 1983).

P.G. Renczes, Agir de Dieu et liberté de l’homme: Recherches sur l’anthropologie théologique de saint Maxime le Confesseur (Cogitatio fidei; Paris: Cerf, 2003).

Alain Riou, Le monde et l’Église selon Maxime le Confesseur, Théologie Historique 22 (Paris: Beauchesne, 1973).

Stephen Shoemaker, trans., Maximus the Confessor: The Life of the Virgin (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012) hardcover, $35. NEW.

Lars Thunberg, Man and the Cosmos: The Vision of St. Maximus the Confessor (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1985).

Lars Thunberg, Microcosm and Mediator: The Theological Anthropology of Maximus the Confessor, 2nd ed. (Chicago: Open Court, 1995).

Torstein Tollefsen, The Christocentric Cosmology of St. Maximus the Confessor, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Melchisedec Törönen, Union and Distinction in the Thought of St. Maximus the Confessor, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York; Oxford University Press, 2007).

Robert L. Wilken, “Not My Will But Thine,” Spirit of Early Christian Thought (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003), 110-135.

J. P. Williams, “The Incarnational Apophasis of Maximus the Confessor,” Studia Patristica 37 (2001): 631-635.

David Yeago, “Jesus of Nazareth and Cosmic Redemption: The Relevance of St. Maximus the Confessor,” Modern Theology 12 (1996): 163-193.

 

 

 7. JOHN OF DAMASCUS & LATER GREEK FATHERS: TEXTS & STUDIES

 

Andrew Louth, St. John Damascene: Tradition and Originality in Byzantine Theology, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).  John of Damascus is best known for his defense of Christian art against the 7th-century Iconoclasts.  His views would be ratified by the 2nd Council of Nicaea.

 

Andrew Louth, Denys the Areopagite, Outstanding Christian Thinkers Series, (Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing, 1989).  Denys the Areopagite (also called Pseudo-Dionysius) was a 5th- or 6th-century Syrian monk writing under the pseudonym of St. Paul’s Athenian convert.  He composed a set of treatises that have powerfully shaped mystical currents both in the Greek East and the medieval West; they even influenced the development of the Gothic cathedral.

 

Patrick T.R. Gray, ed., Leontius of Jerusalem: Against the Monophysites; Testimonies of the Saints and Aporiae, Oxford Early Christian Texts (New York / Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006).

Andrew Louth, trans., St. John of Damascus, Three Treatises on the Divine Images, Popular Patristics Series (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2003).

Colm Luibheid, trans. Pseudo-Dionysius: The Complete Works, Classics of Western Spirituality 54 (New York: Paulist Press, 1987).

Paul Rorem, Pseudo-Dionysius: A Commentary on the Texts and an Introduction to the Their Influence (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).

Paul Rorem & John C. Lamoreaux, John of Scythopolis and the Dionysian Corpus: Annotating the Areopagite, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Theresa Ubrainczyk, Socrates of Constantinople: Historian of Church and State (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1997).

 

 

 8. EPHREM THE SYRIAN & OTHER SYRIAC FATHERS: TEXTS & STUDIES

 

Sebastian Brock, The Luminous Eye: The Spiritual World Vision of Saint Ephrem the Syrian, Cistercian Studies 124 (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1992).  Like Dante, Ephrem was a poet-theologian, in fact, the greatest poet of the early Church.  He composed in Syriac, the third language of the early church (after Greek and Latin), and his mind was saturated with biblical images.  This is the only book-length study of Ephrem in English, and is a fine introduction by the dean of Syriac studies.

 

Hilarion Alfeyev, The Spiritual World of Isaac the Syrian, Cistercian Studies 175 (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 2000).

Adam Becker, Fear of God and the Beginning of Wisdom: The School of Nisibis and Christian Scholastic Culture in Late Antique Mesopotamia, Divinations: Rereading Late Ancient Religion (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006).

Adam H. Becker, trans., Sources for the Study of the School of Nisibis, Translated Texts for Historians (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2009).

Sebastian Brock, trans., The Syriac Fathers on Prayer and the Spiritual Life, Cistercian Studies 101 (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1987).

Sebastian Brock, trans., Ephrem the Syrian: Hymns on Faith, Popular Patristics Series (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1990).

Sebastian Brock, ed., Isaac of Nineveh (Isaac the Syrian): 'The Second Part', Chapters IV-XLI, Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium 555 (Louvain: Peeters, 1995).  Important, newly discovered text.

Sebastian Brock and John Behr, ed., Treasure-House of Mysteries: Explorations of the Sacred Text Through Poetry in the Syriac Tradition, Popular Patristics series 45 (St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2012) paperback, $22. NEW.

Robert Doran, trans., Stewards of the Poor: The Man of God, Rabbula and Hiba in Fifth-Century Edessa, Cistercian Studies 208 (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press / Cistercian Publications, 2006).

Patrik Hagman, The Asceticism of Isaac of Nineveh, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010).

Mary Hansbury, trans., St. Isaac of Nineveh: On the Ascetical Life, Popular Patristics Series (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1989).

Edward G. Mathews & Joseph P. Amar, trans. Ephrem the Syrian: Selected Prose Works, Fathers of the Church 91 (Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 1994).

Kathleen E. McVey, trans. Ephrem the Syrian: Hymns, Classics of Western Spirituality (New York: Paulist Press, 1989).

Robert Murray, Symbols of Church and Kingdom: A Study in Early Syriac Tradition (reprint of 1975 Cambridge U. Press: T&T Clark, 2003).

Paul S. Russell, “Ephrem the Syrian on the Utility of Language and the Place of Silence,” Journal of Early Christian Studies 8 (2000) 21-38.

Joel Walker, The Legend of Mar Qardagh: Narrative and Christian Heroism in Late Antique Iraq , Transformation of the Classical Heritage 40 (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2006).

 

 

Revised: January 2, 2014

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