New Testament

 Bibliography #5:

  Christology

BIBLIOGRAPHIES
 - New Testament
 - Early Christianity
 - Medieval Christianity
 - The Reformation
 - Spirituality & Mysticism
 - Sacraments
 - 20th-Century Theology

 

 NEW TESTAMENT
 STUDIES:

 

#1: Surveys, Intros
#2: The Gospels
#3: Paul & NT Letters
#4: Historical Jesus
#5: Christology

 

 

 compiled by William Harmless, S.J.

Creighton University

 

    1. Introduction & Surveys

    2. History of Christology: From the New Testament to Chalcedon

    3. History of Christology: After Chalcedon

    4. History of Christology: Classic Texts

    5. Contemporary Christologies: A Selection

 

 

 1. INTRODUCTIONS & SURVEYS

 

Gerald O’Collins, Christology: A Biblical, Historical, and Systematic Study of Christ, 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009). The history of the development of christology is many-sided and complex. No single volume work really does justice to the range of issues and the course of the debate, but this volume does a solid job of introducing newcomers to the issues and questions. Use it as a starting point.

 

Stephen Davis, Daniel Kendall, and Gerald O’Collins, eds.,The Incarnation: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Incarnation of the Son of God (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).  An excellent collection of essays from leading scholars on a range of issues and approaches: biblical, historical, and systematic.  See also the other volumes in this series:

  • The Redemption: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Incarnation of the Son of God (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006).

  • The Resurrection: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Incarnation of the Son of God (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).

  • The Trinity: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Incarnation of the Son of God (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).

John Cavadini & Laura Holt, ed., Who Do You Say That I Am?: Confessing the Mystery of Christ (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2004).

David Ford & Mike Higton, ed., Jesus, Oxford Readers (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).  A wonderful anthology of texts through the ages.

Delbert Burkett, The Blackwell Companion to Jesus, Blackwell Companions to Religion (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011).

Marcus Brockmuhl, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Jesus (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Walter Kasper, Jesus the Christ, rev. ed. (New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2011).

Declan Marmion and Rik Van Nieuwenhove, An Introduction to the Trinity, series: Introductions to Religion (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Jaroslav Pelikan, Jesus Through the Centuries: His Place in the History of Culture (1985; reprint: New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999).

 

 

 2. HISTORY OF CHRISTOLOGY: From the New Testament to Chalcedon

 

Brian E. Daley, “Christ and Christologies,” pp. 886-905, in Susan Ashbrook Harvey & David G. Hunter, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).  A fine brief overview of the key issues and figures.  The place to start.

 

R.P.C. Hanson, The Search for the Christian Doctrine of God: the Arian Controversy, 318-381 AD (Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1988).  A massive 900-page study of Nicaea, Athanasius, and the Cappadocians by one of the deans of patristic studies.  This is the finest and the most exhaustive treatment of the theology of the trinitarian controversy.

 

Khaled Anatolios, Athanasius: The Coherence of His Thought (New York: Routledge, 1998).

Lewis Ayres, Nicaea and Its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Thought (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Lewis Ayres, Augustine and the Trinity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Michel René Barnes & Daniel H. Williams, ed., Arianism After Arius: Essays on the Development of the Fourth-Century Trinitarian Conflicts (Edinburgh:  T & T Clark, 1993).

Christopher Beeley, The Unity of Christ: Continuity and Conflict in the Patristic Tradition (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012).

Michael Cameron, Christ Meets Me Everywhere: Augustine’s Early Figural Exegesis, Oxford Studies in Historical Theology (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012).

Paul B. Clayton, The Christology of Theodoret of Cyrus: Antiochene Christology from the Council of Ephesus (431) to the Council of Chalcedon (451), Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).

Bart D. Ehrman, The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture: The Effect of Early Christological Controversies on the Text of the New Testament (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993)

Bernard Green, Soteriology of Leo the Great, Oxford Theological Monographs (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008)

Robert C. Gregg, ed., Arianism: Historical and Theological Reassessments: Papers from the Ninth International Conference on Patristic Studies (1986; reprint: Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2006) paperback, $37.

Aloys Grillmeier, Christ in the Christian Tradition, Vol. 1: From the Apostolic Age to Chalcedon, revised ed., trans. John Bowden (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1975).

Dragos Andrei Giulea, Pre-Nicene Christology in Paschal Contexts: The Case of the Divine Noetic Anthropos, Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae (Leiden: Brill, 2013) hardcover, $189. NEW.

Andrew Hofer, Christ in the Life and Teaching of Gregory of Nazianzus, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013) hardcover, $99. NEW.

Daniel A. Keating, The Appropriation of Divine Life in Cyril of Alexandria, Oxford Theological Monographs (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).

J.N.D. Kelly, Early Christian Doctrines, 5th edition (New York: Continuum, 2000). A classic.

Kari Kloos, Christ, Creation, and the Vision of God: Augustine’s Transformation of Early Christian Theophany Interpretation, series: The Bible in Ancient Christianity, vol. 7 (Leiden / Boston: Brill, 2010).

Joseph T. Lienhard, Contra Marcellum: Marcellus of Ancyra and Fourth Century Theology (Washington: Catholic University Press, 1999).

Joseph T. Lienhard, “Ousia and Hypostasis: The Cappadocian Settlement and the Theology of ‘One Hypostasis,” pp. 99-121, in Stephen T. Davis et al., The Trinity: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Trinity (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Joseph T. Lienhard, “The ‘Arian’ Controversy: Some Categories Reconsidered,” Theological Studies 48 (1987) 415-436.

Rebecca Lyman, Christology and Cosmology: Models of Divine Activity in Origen, Eusebius, and Athanasius, Oxford Theological Monographs (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).

Sean M. McDonough, Christ as Creator: Origins of a New Testament Doctrine (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010).

John A. McGuckin, St. Cyril of Alexandria: the Christological Controversy: Its History, Theology and Texts (NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2004).  A superb, thorough analysis of the clash between Cyril and Nestorius and the Council of Ephesus.

Frederick G. McLeod, The Image of God in the Antichene Tradition (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1999).

Frederick G. McLeod, The Roles of Christ’s Humanity in Salvation: Insights from Theodore of Mopsuestia (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2005).

Steven A. McKinion, Words, Imagery, and the Mystery of Christ: A Reconstruction of Cyril of Alexandria’s Christology (Leiden: Brill, 2000).

David Meconi, The One Christ: St Augustine’s Theology of Deification (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2013) hardcover, $65. NEW.

Frederick W. Norris, Faith Gives Fullness to Reasoning: The Five Theological Orations of Gregory of Nazianzus, trans. Lionel Wickham, Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae Volume XIII (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1991).  Superb translation & commentary.

John J. O’Keefe, “Impassible Suffering?  Divine Passion and Fifth-Century Christology,” Theological Studies 58 (1997) 39-60.

Basil Studer, Trinity and Incarnation: The Faith of the Early Church, ed. Andrew Louth (Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1994).

Charles H. Talbert, The Development of Christology During the First Hundred Years: And Other Essays on Early Christian Christology, Supplements to Novum Testamentum (Boston / Leiden: Brill, 2011).

Thomas G. Weinandy & Daniel Keating, eds., The Theology of St. Cyril of Alexandria: A Critical Appreciation (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2003).

Susan Wessel, Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian Controversy: The Making of a Saint and of a Heretic, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Peter Widdicombe, The Fatherhood of God from Origen to Athanasius, Oxford Theological Monographs, rev. ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Rowan Williams, Arius: Heresy and Tradition, rev. ed. (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2002).

Frances Young and Andrew Teal, From Nicaea to Chalcedon, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010).

 

 

 3. HISTORY OF CHRISTOLOGY: After Chalcedon

 

David Bathrellos, The Byzantine Christ: Person, Nature, and Will in the Christology of St. Maximus the Confessor, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).

John C. Cavadini, The Last Christology of the West: Adoptionism in Spain and Gaul, 785-820  (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993).

R.C. Chestnut, Three Monophysite Christologies: Severus of Antioch, Philoxenus of Mabbug, and Jacob of Sarug (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976).

Corey L. Barnes, Christ’s Two Wills in Scholastic Thought: The Christology of Aquinas and Its Historical Contexts (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2012).

Richard Cross, The Metaphysics of the Incarnation: Thomas Aquinas to Duns Scotus (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Brian E. Daley, “Nature and the ‘Mode of Union’: Late Patristic Models for the Personal Unity of Christ,” pp. 164-196, in Stephen T. Davis, Daniel Kendall & Gerald O’Collins, The Incarnation: An Interdisciplinary Symposium (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002) hardcover.

Stephen Edmondson, Calvin’s Christology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Gabriele Finaldi, The Image of Christ (London: National Gallery Co. Ltd. / New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000).

W.H.C. Frend, The Rise of the Monophysite Movement (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972).

Patrick T.R. Gray, The Defense of Chalcedon in the East (451-553) (Leiden: Brill, 1979).

Aloys Grillmeier, Christ in the Christian Tradition, vol. 2: From the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory the Great (590-604), trans. John Bowden (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1986-1996):

  • Vol. 2/pt. 1: Reception and Contradiction: The Development of the Discussion about Chalcedon from 451 to the Beginning of the Reign of Justinian (1986)

  • Vol. 2/pt. 2: The Church of Constantinople in the Sixth Century (1995)

  • Vol. 2/3: The Churches of Jerusalem and Antioch, trans. Marianne Erhardt (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013) hardcover, $350.  NEW.  This final volume was completed by one of Grillmeier's colleagues, Theresia Hainthaler.

  • Vol. 2/4: The Church of Alexandria with Nubia and Ethiopia after 451 (1996)

John Meyendorff, Christ in Eastern Christian Thought (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1987).

Caroline Walker Bynum, Jesus as Mother: Studies in the Spirituality of the High Middle Ages (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982).  Essays on Cistercian spirituality.

Oliver Davies & Denys Turner, eds., Silence and the Word: Negative Theology and Incarnation (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Stephen J. Davis, Coptic Christology in Practice: Incarnation and Divine Participation in Late Antique and Medieval Egypt, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Neil MacGregor & Erika Langmuir, Seeing Salvation: Images of Christ in Art (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000).

Kevin Madigan, The Passion of Christ in High Medieval Thought: An Essay on Christological Development, Oxford Studies in Historical Theology (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).

R.W. Southern, St. Anselm: A Portrait in a Landscape (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990).  This has an excellent chapter on the influential Cur Deus Homo.

Torstein Tollefsen, The Christocentric Cosmology of St. Maximus the Confessor, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Melchisedec Törönen, Union and Distinction in the Thought of St. Maximus the Confessor, Oxford Early Christian Studies (New York; Oxford University Press, 2007).

Barbara R. Walters, Vincent Corrigan & Peter T. Ricketts, The Feast of Corpus Christi (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2007).

Michael Zell, Reframing Rembrandt: Jews and the Christian Image in Seventeenth-Century Amsterdam (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002).

 

 

 4. HISTORY OF CHRISTOLOGY: Classic Texts

 

Paul M. Blowers & Robert L. Wilken, ed. and trans., St. Maximus the Confessor: On the Cosmic Mystery of Jesus Christ, Popular Patristics Series (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2003).

G.R. Driver and L. Hodgson, Nestorius: The Bazaar of Heracleides [Liber Heraclidis] (1925; reprint: Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2002).

Ernest Evans, ed. and trans., Tertullian’s Treatise Against Praxeas: The Text Edited, with an Introduction, Translation and Commentary (reprint: Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2011).

Edward Hardy, trans., Christology of the Later Fathers, Library of Christian Classics (1954; reprint: Westminster John Knox, 1977).

Andrew Louth, ed. and trans., Maximus the Confessor, Early Church Fathers Series (London: Routledge, 1996).

John A. McGuckin, St. Cyril of Alexandria: The Christological Controversy: Its History, Theology and Texts (NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2004).  In its appendix, there is a valuable collection of the key documents from Cyril, Nestorius, and Ephesus.

Frederick McLeod, ed. and trans., Theodore of Mopsuestia, Early Church Fathers series (New York: Routledge, 2008).

Richard A. Norris, trans. The Christological Controversy, Sources of Early Christian Thought (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1980).

Richard Price and Michael Gaddis, trans., The Acts of the Council of Chalcedon, (3 volumes in packaged as a box set), Translated Texts for Historians series (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2007).

Norman Russell, ed. and trans. Cyril of Alexandria, Early Church Fathers Series (New York: Routledge, 2000).

Lionel Wickham, trans., On God and Christ: The Five Theological Orations and Two Letters of Cledonius (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2002).

 

 

 5. CONTEMPORARY CHRISTOLOGIES

 

Karl Rahner, Foundations of Christian Faith: An Introduction to the Idea of Christianity, trans. William V. Dych (New York: Crossroad, 1985).  Rahner is arguably the greatest Catholic theologian of the twentieth century.  This is a mini-summa of his theology and includes over 150 pages on his Christology.

 

Jon Sobrino, Jesus the Liberator: a Historical-Theological Reading of Jesus of Nazareth (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1993); and Christ the Liberator: A View from the Victims, trans. Paul Burns (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2001).  Sobrino is a Spanish Jesuit who has spent his career working among the poor of El Salvador and was one of the survivors of the murder of the Jesuits at the UCA.  These are two excellent examples of Latin American perspectives on Christology.  See also his older (and now) classic study: Christology at the Crossroads: A Latin American Approach (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1978).

 

Marilyn McCord Adams, Christ and Horrors: The Coherence of Christology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Hans Urs von Balthasar, Mysterium Paschale: The Mystery of Easter, trans. Aidan Nichols (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmanns, 1993).

Robert Barron, The Priority of Christ: Toward a Postliberal Catholicism (Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos, 2007).

Franz Josef van Beeck, Christ Proclaimed: Christology as Rhetoric, Theological Inquiries (New York: Paulist Press, 1979).

Christopher Bryan, The Resurrection of the Messiah (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Michael Cook, Trinitarian Christology:The Power that Sets us Free (New York: Paulist Press, 2010).

Oliver Crisp, Divinity and Humanity: The Incarnation Reconsidered , Current Issues in Theology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Jacques Dupuis, Jesus Christ at the Encounter of World Religions, trans. R.B. Barr (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1991).  Dupuis’ work—probably to his surprise—earned him a sharp clash with Vatican authorities.

C. Stephen Evans, Exploring Kenotic Christology: The Self-Emptying of God (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006).

Roberto S. Goizueta, Christ Our Companion: Toward a Theological Aesthetics of Liberation (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 2009).

Sigurd Grindheim, God's Equal: What Can We Know About Jesus' Self-Understanding?, Library of New Testament Studies (New York: T&T Clark, 2011).

Roger Haight, Jesus: Symbol of God (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1999). Very controversial—seen as minimizing basic Christian claims about Jesus.

Elizabeth A. Johnson, She Who Is: The Mystery of God in Feminist Discourse (New York: Crossroad, 1992).

Elizabeth A. Johnson, Consider Jesus: Waves of Renewal in Christology (New York: Crossroad, 1990).

Walter Kasper, Jesus the Christ, new revised ed. (New York: T&T Clark, 2011). A classic.

Gerhard Lohfink, No Irrelevant Jesus: On Jesus and the Church Today (Collegeville, MN: Michael Glazier, 2014) paperback, $35. NEW.

Nicholas E. Lombardo, The Father’s Will: Christ’s Crucifixion and the Goodness of God (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014) hardcover, $99. NEW.

James Martin, Jesus: A Pilgrimage (San Francisco: Harper One, 2014) hardcover, $28. NEW.

Mark Allen McIntosh, Christology from Within: Spirituality and Incarnation in Hans Urs von Balthasar (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1996).

Jurgen Moltmann, The Crucified God: The Cross of Christ as the Foundation and Criticism of Christian Theology, trans. R.A. Wilson and John Bowden (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993).

Jurgen Moltmann, The Way of Jesus Christ: Christology in Messianic Dimensions, trans. Margaret Kohl (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993).

Edward T. Oakes, Infinity Dwindled to Infancy: A Catholic and Evangelical Christology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2011).

Gerald O’Collins, Jesus Our Redeemer: A Christian Approach to Salvation (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).

Wolfgang Pannenberg, Jesus God and Man, trans. L.L. Wilkins & D.A. Priebe (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1977).

Joseph Pandiappallil, Jesus the Christ and Religious Pluralism: Rahnerian Christology and Belief Today (New York: Crossroad, 2013) paperback, $25. NEW.

Edward Schillebeeckx, Jesus: An Experiment in Christology (New York: Crossroad, 1979).

Edward Schillebeeckx, Christ: The Experience of Jesus as Lord (New York: Crossroad, 1980).

Elizabeth Schüssler Fiorenza, Jesus—Miriam’s Child, Sophia’s Prophet: Critical Issues in Feminist Christology (New York: Continuum, 1994).

Elizabeth Schüssler Fiorenza, In Memory of Her: A Feminist Theological Reconstruction of Christian Origins (New York: Crossroad, 1983).

Juan Luis Segundo, Jesus of Nazareth, Yesterday & Today, 5 vol. (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1984-1988).

Neta Stahl, Other and Brother: Jesus in the 20th-Century Jewish Literary Landscape (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012).

Stephen N. Webb, Jesus Christ, Eternal God: Heavenly Flesh and the Metaphysics of Matter (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

 

 

Revised: July 14, 2014

 Page Content developed by

 William Harmless, SJ