New Testament

 Bibliography #4:

  The Historical Jesus

 - New Testament
 - Early Christianity
 - Medieval Christianity
 - The Reformation
 - Spirituality & Mysticism
 - Sacraments
 - 20th-Century Theology





#1: Surveys, Intros
#2: The Gospels
#3: Paul & NT Letters
#4: Historical Jesus
#5: Christology



 compiled by William Harmless, S.J.

Creighton University


    1. The Historical Jesus: Introductions & Overviews

    2. The Quest for the Historical Jesus: 18th-Mid 20th Centuries

    3. The Jesus Seminar & Its Critics

    4. The Quest for the Historical Jesus: The Contemporary Mainstream

    5. New Testament Portraits of Jesus



 1. THE HISTORICAL JESUS: Introductions & Overviews


David B. Gowler, What Are They Saying About the Historical Jesus? (New York: Paulist Press, 2007).  A good place to start.  Gowler has chapters on the early quest (from Reimarus to Schweitzer), the Jesus Seminar (Robert Funk, Markus Borg, John Dominic Crossan), and the new mainstream (E.P. Sanders, John Meier). 


Dale C. Allison, Jr., “The Problem of the Historical Jesus,” in The Blackwell Companion to the New Testament, ed. David Aune (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010), 220-235.

Richard Bauckham, Jesus: A Very Short Introduction (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

James Beilby and Paul Rhodes Eddy, eds., The Historical Jesus: Five Views (Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press, 2009).

Helen Bond, Historical Jesus: A Guide for the Perplexed, Guides for the Perplexed (New York: T&T Clark International, 2012) paperback, $25.  NEW.

Marcus Brockmuhl, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Jesus (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Delbert Burkett, ed., The Blackwell Companion to Jesus, series: Blackwell Companions to Religion (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011).

James H. Charlesworth, The Historical Jesus: The Essential Guide (Nashville: Abingdon, 2008).

Craig A. Evans, Life of Jesus Research: An Annotated Bibliography, rev. ed. New Testament Tools and Studies 24 (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1996).

Craig A. Evans, ed., Encyclopedia of the Historical Jesus (New York / London: Routledge, 2008).

David B. Gowler, “The Quest for the Historical Jesus: An Overview,” in The Blackwell Companion to Jesus, ed. Delbert Burkett (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011), 301-318.

Tom Holmén and Stanley E. Porter, Handbook for the Study of the Historical Jesus, 4 vol. (Leiden: Brill Academic, 2011).  A massive, comprehensive study.

Gerhard Lohfink, Jesus of Nazareth: What He Wanted, Who He Was (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2012) hardcover, $40. NEW.

Gerald O’Collins, Christology: A Biblical, Historical, and Systematic Study of Christ, 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009).

Ben Witherington III, The Jesus Quest: The Third Search for the Jew of Nazareth, 2nd  ed. (Downer’s Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press, 1997).



 2. THE QUEST FOR THE HISTORICAL JESUS: 18th-Mid 20th Centuries


Albert Schweitzer, The Quest for the Historical Jesus, ed. John Bowden (Fortress Press, 2001).   This book, published originally in German in 1906, is a work of genius, brilliantly charting the 18th and 19th-century quest, showing how each of the early questers created a Jesus in his own image—one quite removed from the Jesus of history.  This is the first complete edition in English.  A reprint of a translation from the 1920s is also available from Johns Hopkins Press (1998).


Leander E. Keck, ed., Lives of Jesus Series (Philadelphia: Fortress Press).  In the early 1970s, Keck oversaw the editing and translating of the great 18th- & 19th-century lives of Jesus done during the first quest, the one so sharply criticized by Schweitzer.  The volumes in the series are:

  • Hermann Samuel Remairus, Fragments, ed. Charles A. Talbert, trans. Ralph S. Fraser (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1970).

  • Friedrich Schleiermacher, The Life of Jesus, ed. Jack C. Verheyden (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1975).

  • David Friedrich Strauss, The Life of Jesus Critically Examined, ed. Peter C. Hodgson, trans. George Eliot (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1972).

  • David Friedrich Strauss, The Christ of Faith and the Jesus of History: A Critique of Schleiermacher’s The Life of Jesus, trans. Leander E. Keck (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1977).

  • Alfred Loisy, The Gospel and the Church, trans. Bernard B. Scott (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1976).

  • Johannes Weiss, Jesus’ Proclamation of the Kingdom of God, trans. Richard H. Hiers & David L. Holland (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1971)

 Gunther Bornkamm, Jesus of Nazareth (New York: Harper, 1960).  A classic presentation from the 2nd (post-Bultmannian) quest for the historical Jesus.

 Colin Brown, Jesus in European Protestant Thought, 1778-1860 (Durham, NC: Labyrinth, 1985).

 Gregory W. Dawes, ed., The Historical Jesus Quest: Landmarks in the Search for the Jesus of History (Nashville: Westminster John Knox, 1999).  An excellent anthology of sources from the first two quests (from Reimarus to Käsemann).

 Gregory W. Dawes, ed., The Historical Jesus Question: The Challenge of History to Religious Authority (Nashville: Westminister John Knox, 2001).

 C.H. Dodd, The Founder of Christianity (New York: Macmillan, 1970).

 Joachim Jeremias, New Testament Theology I: The Proclamation of Jesus (London: SCM Press, 1971).

 Joachim Jeremias, Jesus and the Message of the New Testament, Fortress Classics in Biblical Studies, ed. K.C. Hanson (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2002).

 Martin Kähler, The So-Called Historical Jesus and the Historic Biblical Christ, trans. Carl E. Braaten (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1964).

 Ernst Käsemann, “The Problem of the Historical Jesus,” in Essays on New Testament Themes, trans. W.J. Montague, Studies in Biblical Theology 41 (London: SCM, 1964)





From the mid-90s to mid-2000s, the Jesus Seminar, founded by Robert Funk and John Dominic, attracted headlines for their radical and often outrageous interpretations of the historical Jesus.  The Seminar used a unique voting method to try and arrive at a consensus of what in the Gospels goes back to the historical Jesus.  Funk published their results in a pair of work, The Five Gospels and The Acts of Jesus (see below).  Their flamboyant style, radical conclusions, and flair for self-promotion drew strong and able critics.  The mass of literature on this helped fuel new interest in the scholarly study of the historical Jesus--in part, to refute their work.  On the positive side, they helped bring this complex theological quest into the popular forum.


John Dominic Crossan, The Historical Jesus: the Life of a Mediterranean Jewish Peasant (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1992).  Crossan is flamboyant, outspoken, and co-founder of the Jesus Seminar.  One reviewer has noted that Crossan “seems incapable … of thinking a boring thought or writing a dull paragraph”; this book “is a book to treasure for its learning, its thoroughness, its brilliant handling of multiple and complex issues, its amazing inventiveness, and above all its sheer readability … It is all the more frustrating, therefore, to have to conclude that the book is almost entirely wrong.”  Crossan thinks of Jesus as a social revolutionary.  He treats apocryphal gospels like the Gospel of Thomas or the Gospel of Peter on par with the 4 canonical gospels.  His most radical interpretations come out most clearly in his later books (see below). In Jesus: A Radical Biography (San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1994), he argues that Jesus’ body was never buried, but was eaten by dogs and birds and dumped by the Romans in a trash heap.


Marcus J. Borg & N.T. Wright, The Meaning of Jesus: Two Visions (Harper SanFrancisco, 1999).  Marcus Borg, like John Dominic Crossan, is one of the leaders of the Jesus Seminar and, while he claims to be a Christian, his Jesus is far removed from the Jesus of the mainline Christian churches.  This book brilliantly illustrates the clash of interpretation between the (extremist) views of the Jesus Seminar and mainstream scholarship.  Borg and Wright, while at opposite sides of the debate, are good friends and co-wrote this book, alternating chapters, with each putting forward his view on teaching of Jesus, on the death of Jesus, on the resurrection, etc.  It is well written and accessible to beginning students—so much so that I have used it as a textbook for classes on the historical Jesus.


The Jesus Seminar: Major Works:

Marcus J. Borg, Jesus: a New Vision: Spirit, Culture, and the Life of Discipleship (San Francisco: HarperSan Francisco, 1991).

Marcus J. Borg, Meeting Jesus Again for the First Time: the Historical Jesus and the Heart of Contemporary Faith  (San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1994).

Marcus J. Borg, Jesus in Contemporary Scholarship (Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 1994).

Marcus J. Borg, Jesus: Uncovering the Life, Teachings, and Relevance of a Religious Revolutionary (New York: Harper Collins, 2006).

Edward Buetner, ed., Listening to the Parables of Jesus, Jesus Seminar Guides, vol. 2 (Polebridge, 2007).

John Dominic Crossan, The Cross That Spoke: The Origins of the Passion Narratives (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1988).

John Dominic Crossan, Jesus: A Radical Biography (San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1994)

John Dominic Crossan, Who Killed Jesus? Exposing the Roots of Anti-Semitism in the Gospel Story of the Death of Jesus (San Francisco: Harper Collins, 1996).

John Dominic Crossan, The Birth of Christianity (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1998).

John Dominic Crossan, Excavating Jesus: Beneath the Stones, Behind the Texts (San Francisco: Harper San Francisco, 2001).

Robert W. Funk, ed., The Five Gospels: What Did Jesus Really Say? The Search for the Authentic Words of Jesus (San Francisco: Harper San Francisco / Harper One, 1997)

Robert W. Funk, ed., The Acts of Jesus: What Did Jesus Really Do?  The Search for the Authentic Deeds of Jesus (Polebridge Press, 1998).

Robert W. Funk, ed., The Gospel of Jesus: According to the Jesus Seminar (Polebridge Press, 1999).

Roy J. Hoover, The Historical Jesus Goes to Church (Santa Rosa, CA: Polebridge, 2004).

Burton Mack, The Lost Gospel: The Book of Q and Christian Origins (Shaftesbury: Element, 1993).

Robert J. Miller, ed., The Apocalyptic Jesus: A Debate (Santa Rosa, CA: Polebridge, 2001).

Robert J. Miller, The Jesus Seminar and Its Critics (Santa Rosa, CA: Polebridge, 1999).

Robert J. Miller, “The ‘Jesus’ of the Jesus Seminar,” in The Blackwell Companion to Jesus, ed. Delbert Burkett (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011), 319-336.

Bernard Brandon Scott, ed., Jesus Reconsidered: Scholarship in the Public Eye, Jesus Seminar Guides, vol. 1 (Polebridge, 2007).

Bernard Brandon Scott, ed., Finding the Historical Jesus: Rules of Evidence, Jesus Seminar Guides, vol. 3 (Polebridge, 2008).

Bernard Brandon Scott, ed., The Resurrection of Jesus: A Sourcebook, Jesus Seminar Guides, vol. 4 (Polebridge, 2009).


The Critics:

Luke Timothy Johnson, The Real Jesus: the Misguided Quest for the Historical Jesus and the Truth of the Traditional Gospels (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1995).  Through the 1990s, the Jesus Seminar (John Dominic Crossan, Marcus Borg, & Burton Mack) made headlines in Time, Newsweek, and U.S. New & World Report with their extravagant claims about the historical Jesus.  Johnson brilliantly demolishes their claims, and sets out an excellent mainstream response.


Craig A. Evans, “Assessing Progress in the Third Quest of the Historical Jesus,” Journal for the Study of the New Testament 4 (2006): 35-54.

Philip Jenkins, Hidden Gospels: How the Search for Jesus Lost Its Way (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Luke Timothy Johnson, “The Jesus Seminar’s Misguided Quest for the Historical Jesus,” Christian Century (Jan. 3-10): 16-22.

N.T. Wright, Jesus and the Victory of God, Vol. 2 of Christian Origins and the Question of God (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1997).

N.T. Wright, “Five Gospels but not Gospel: Jesus and the Seminar,” in Authenticating the Activities of Jesus, ed. Bruce Chilton and Craig A. Evans, eds (Leiden: Brill, 1999).



John P. Meier, A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus, Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library (New Haven: Yale University Press / New York: Doubleday, 1991-2009).  This is the most thorough and well-balanced study of historical Jesus in decades.  It is an extraordinary achievement—and massive (volume 2 alone is nearly 1000 pages).  Meier writes with great clarity, and relegates technical issues to the (very lengthy) endnotes.  Basically for more advanced students.  At least one more volume is forthcoming.

  • Vol. 1: The Roots of the Problem and the Person (1991)

  • Vol. 2: Mentor, Message, Miracles (1994).

  • Vol. 3: Companions and Competitors (2001).

  • Vol. 4: Law and Love (2009).

N.T. Wright, Jesus and the Victory of God, Vol. 2 of Christian Origins and the Question of God (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1997).  Like Johnson, Wright offers a shrewdly argued (and often humorous) challenge to the Jesus Seminar.  But his deeper concern is to offer a plausible interpretation of Jesus which takes seriously his Galilean context and his character as a 1st-century Jew—in all its complexity and variegated textures.  Wright understands Jesus as an eschatological prophet whose message and ministry offered a radical retelling of Israel’s story in light of the coming Kingdom.  Wright does not share the fashionable skepticism about the accuracy of Gospel accounts.  He has been labelled a “traditionalist”—but this is the freshest and most original traditionalism to appear in many a year, and traditionalists, I would guess, will find this portrait deeply offensive.


Dale C. Allison, Jr., The Historical Christ and the Theological Jesus (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2009).

Helen K. Bond, “The Quest for the Historical Jesus: An Appraisal,” in The Blackwell Companion to Jesus, ed., Delbert Burkett, Blackwell Companions to Religion (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011), 337-353.

Dale C. Allison, Jr., Jesus of Nazareth: Millenarian Prophet (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1998).

Dale C. Allison, Jr., The Historical Christ and the Theological Jesus (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2009).

Dale C. Allison, Jr., Constructing Jesus: Memory, Imagination, and History (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010).

Richard Bauckham, Jesus and the Eyewitnesses: The Gospels as Eyewitness Testimony (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006).

Darrell L. Bock and Robert L. Webb, eds., Key Events in the Life of the Historical Jesus: A Collaborative Exploration of Context and Coherence (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2010).

Richard A. Burridge and Graham Gould, Jesus Now and Then (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004).

James H. Charlesworth, Jesus Within Judaism: New Light from Exciting Archeological Discoveries, Anchor Bible Reference (New York: Doubleday, 1988).

James H. Charlesworth, ed., Jesus’ Jewishness: Exploring the Place of Jesus within Early Judaism (New York: Crossroad, 1991).

James H. Charlesworth, Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls, Anchor Bible Reference (New York: Doubleday, 1992).

James H. Charlesworth, ed., Jesus and Archeology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006).

James H. Charlesworth and Petr Pokony, eds. (2009), Jesus Research: An International Perspective, Princeton-Prague Symposia series on the Historical Jesus (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2009).

Bruce Chilton, Rabbi Jesus: An Intimate Biography (New York: Image Books, 2000).

J.D.G. Dunn & S. McKnight, eds., The Historical Jesus in Recent Research, Sources for Biblical and Theological Study 10 (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2005).

Craig A. Evans, Jesus and His Contemporaries: Comparative Studies (Leiden: Brill Academic, 2001).

C. Stephen Evans, The Historical Christ and the Jesus of Faith: The Incarnational Narrative as History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996).

Paula Fredriksen, Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews: A Jewish Life and the Emergence of Christianity (New York: Vintage Books, 1999).

Sean Freyne, Jesus, A Jewish Galilean: A New Reading of the Jesus Story (New York: T&T Clark, 2004).

Tobias Hägerland, Jesus and the Forgiveness of Sins: An Aspect of His Prophetic Mission (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012) hardcover, $99. NEW.

Richard A. Horsley, Jesus and the Spiral of Violence: Popular Jewish Resistance in Roman Palestine (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1987).

Richard A. Horsley, Jesus and Empire: The Kingdom of God and the New World Disorder (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2002).

Richard A. Horsley, Jesus in Context: Power, People, and Performance (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2008).

Richard Horsley and Tom Thatcher, John, Jesus, and the Renewal of Israel (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2013) paperback, $20. NEW.

Colin J. Humphreys, The Mystery of the Last Supper: Reconstructing the Final Days of Jesus (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).

Larry W. Hurtado and Paul L. Owen, eds., ‘Who Is This Son of Man?’: The Latest Scholarship on a Puzzling Expression of the Historical Jesus, series: The Library of New Testament Studies (New York: T&T Clark, 2011).

Leander Keck, Who Is Jesus? History in Perfect Tense, Studies on Personalities of the New Testament (University of South Carolina Press, 2000).

Howard Clark Kee, What Can We Know About Jesus, Understanding Jesus Today (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Craig S. Keener, The Historical Jesus of the Gospels (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdman, 2009).

Chris Keith, Jesus' Literacy: Education and the Teacher from Galilee, Library of New Testament Studies (New York: T&T Clark, 2011).

Amy-Jill Levine, Dale C. Allison & John Dominic Crossan, eds., The Historical Jesus in Context, Princeton Readings in Religions (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006).

Amy-Jill Levine, The Misunderstood Jew: The Church and the Scandal of a Jewish Jesus (San Francisco: HarperOne, 2006).

Bruce J. Malina, The Social Gospel of Jesus: The Kingdom of God in Mediterranean Perspective (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2000).

Douglas E. Neel and Joel A. Pugh, The Food and Feasts of Jesus: Inside the World of First Century Fare, with Menus and Recipes (Rowman & Littlefield, 2012) paperback, $40. NEW.

Douglas E. Oakman, The Political Aims of Jesus (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 2012) paperback, $26. NEW.

Nicholas Perrin and Richard B. Hays, eds., Jesus, Paul and the People of God: A Theological Dialogue with N. T. Wright (IVP Academic, 2011).

Mark Allan Powell, Jesus as a Figure in History: How Modern Historians View the Man from Galilee (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1998).

E.P. Sanders, Paul and Palestinian Judaism: A Comparison of Patters of Religion (London: SCM, 1977).

E.P. Sanders, Jesus and Judaism (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1985).

E.P. Sanders, The Historical Figure of Jesus (New York: Penguin Books, 1993).

Gerd Theissen and Annette Merz, The Historical Jesus: A Comprehensive Guide (Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 1998).

Gerd Theissen and Dagmar Winter, The Quest for the Plausible Jesus: The Question of Criteria (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2002).

Graham H. Twelftree, Jesus the Exorcist: A Contribution to the Study of the Historical Jesus (Peabody, MA: Hendrikson, 1993).

Robert E. Van Voorst, Jesus Outside the New Testament: An Introduction to the Ancient Evidence (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2000).

Geza Vermes, Jesus the Jew: a Historian’s Reading of the Gospels (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1981).

Geza Vermes, The Religion of Jesus the Jew (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993).

Geza Vermes, The Changing Face of Jesus (New York: Penguin Books, 2001).

Ben Witherington III, Jesus the Sage: The Pilgrimage of Wisdom (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2000).

N.T. Wright, The Climax of the Covenant: Christ and the Law in Pauline Theology (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993).

N.T. Wright, The Challenge of Jesus: Rediscovering Who Jesus Was and Is (Downers’ Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press, 1999).

N.T. Wright, The Contemporary Quest for Jesus (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2002).

N.T. Wright, Simply Jesus: A New Vision of Who He Was, What He Did, and Why It Matters (San Francisco: Harper One, 2011).

N.T. Wright, How God Became King: The Forgotten Story of the Gospels (San Francisco: Harper One, 2012).  NEW.





N.T. Wright, The Resurrection of the Son of God, Vol. 3 of Christian Origins and the Question of God (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2003).  Another 700+-page tome from Wright.  This award-winning book, as the title indicates, focuses not on the pre-Easter Jesus (and thus not the “historical Jesus”), but on the post-Easter Risen Lord.  Given the huge mass of recent literature on the “historical Jesus,” this in-depth study of the Gospels’ resurrection narratives is refreshing.


Ben Witherington III, The Many Faces of the Christ: The Christologies of the New Testament and Beyond, Companions to the New Testament (New York: Crossroad / Herder & Herder, 1998).  The subtitle says it all.


Richard Bauckham, Jesus and the God of Israel: God Crucified and Other Studies on the New Testament's Christology of Divine Identity, (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2008).

William H. Bellinger & William R. Farmer, ed., Jesus and the Suffering Servant: Isaiah 53 and Christian Origins (Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1998).

Michael F. Bird and Preston M. Sprinkle, eds., Faith of Jesus Christ: Exegetical, Biblical, and Theological Studies (Peabody MA: Hendrickson, 2010).

Christopher Bryan, The Resurrection of the Messiah (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Adela Yabro Collins and John J. Collins, King and Messiah as Son of God: Divine, Human, and Angelic Messianic Figures in Biblical and Related Literature (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2008).

Oscar Cullman, The Christology of the New Testament, rev. ed. (Philadelphia: Westminster John Knox, 1963).

James D.G. Dunn, Christology in the Making: A New Testament Inquiry into the Origins of the Doctrine of the Incarnation, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996).

James D. G. Dunn, Did the First Christians Worship Jesus?  The New Testament Evidence (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2010).

James D.G. Dunn, Jesus, Paul, and the Gospels (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2011).

Joseph A. Fitzmyer, The One Who Is To Come (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2007).

Paula Fredriksen, From Jesus to Christ: The Origin of the New Testament Images of Jesus, rev. ed. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000; original edition, 1988).

Victor Paul Furnish, Jesus According to Paul, Understanding Jesus Today (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Susan Garrett, No Ordinary Angel: Celestial Spirits and Christian Claims about Jesus, Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008).

Simon J. Gathercole, The Preexistent Son: Recovering the Christologies of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2006).

Daniel J. Harrington and Christopher R. Matthews, Encountering Jesus in the Scriptures (New York: Paulist Press, 2013) paperback, $15. NEW.

Suzanne Watts Henderson, Christology and Discipleship in the Gospel of Mark, Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Larry W. Hurtado and Paul L. Owen, eds., ‘Who Is This Son of Man?’: The Latest Scholarship on a Puzzling Expression of the Historical Jesus, The Library of New Testament Studies (New York: T&T Clark, 2011).

Howard Clark Kee, Jesus in History: an Approach to the Study of the Gospels, rev. ed. (Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace, 1996).

Jack Dean Kingsbury, Jesus Christ in Matthew, Mark, and Luke, rev. ed. (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2002).

Jack Dean Kingsbury & David R. Bauer, eds., Who Do You Say That I Am?  Essays on Christology (Westminister John Knox, 1999).

Abraham J. Malherbe & Wayne A. Meeks, ed., The Future of Christology: Essays in Honor of Leander E. Keck (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993).

Sean M. McDonough, Christ as Creator: Origins of a New Testament Doctrine (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010).

James F. McGrath, John’s Apologetic Christology: Legitimation and Development in Johannine Christology, Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series 111 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

John P. Meier, The Mission of Christ and His Church: Essays on Christology and Ecclesiology (Wilmington, DL: Michael Glazier, 1990).

Matthew V. Novenson, Christ Among the Messiahs: Christ Language in Paul and Messiah Language in Ancient Judaism (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012) hardcover, $75. NEW.

Francis J. Moloney, The Resurrection of the Messiah: A Narrative Commentary on the Resurrection Accounts in the Four Gospels (New York: Paulist Press, 2013) paperback, $21. NEW.

Michael Peppard, The Son of God in the Roman World: Divine Sonship in its Social and Political Context (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Nicholas Perrin, Jesus the Temple (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010).

Mark Allan Powell & David R. Bauer, ed., Who Do You Say That I Am?  Essays in Honor of Jack Dean Kingsbury (Westminster John Knox, 1999).

Harold Remus, Jesus as Healer, Understanding Jesus Today (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

Vernon K. Robbins, Jesus the Teacher: A Socio-Rhetorical Interpretation of Mark (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1992).

Peter Schafer, Jesus in the Talmud (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007).

Peter Schäfer, The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012) paperback, $35. NEW.

Rudolph Schnackenburg, Jesus in the Gospels: a Biblical Christology, trans. O.C. Dean, Jr. (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1995).

Graham N. Stanton, The Gospels and Jesus, Oxford Bible Series, 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).



Revised: January 1, 2014 

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 William Harmless, SJ