New Testament

 Bibliography #1:

  Surveys, Introductions & Reference Works

 - New Testament
 - Early Christianity
 - Medieval Christianity
 - The Reformation
 - Spirituality & Mysticism
 - Sacraments
 - 20th-Century Theology




#1: Surveys, Intros
#2: The Gospels
#3: Paul & NT Letters
#4: Historical Jesus
#5: Christology


 compiled by William Harmless, S.J.

Creighton University 


   1. Surveys & Introductions

   2. The Bible: Texts & Translations

   3. Reference Works: Dictionaries, Concordances & One-Volume Commentaries

   4. New Testament Greek: Grammars & Other Language Tools

   5. Biblical Intrepretation: Issues & Methods

   6. Commentary Series

   7. The Formation of the Bible & the Canon

   8. The World of the New Testament





Raymond E. Brown, An Introduction to the New Testament, Anchor Bible Reference Library (New York: Doubleday, 1997).  Raymond Brown, one of the great biblical scholars of the 20th century, died soon after publishing this splendid book.  Over the course of his long career, he edited the great one-volume Jerome Biblical Commentary (1968; revised., 1990) and authored massive and masterful commentaries on John, on the infancy narratives (The Birth of the Messiah, 1977) and on the passion narratives (The Death of the Messiah, 1994).  This book is a major work, the fruit of a lifetime of work on the scriptures.


Mark Allan Powell, Introducing the New Testament: A Historical, Literary, and Theological Survey (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010).  There are many very good introductions out there, but Powell's ability to diagnose what newcomers need, the clarity of his presentations, make this a good starting point for those looking to find the latest.


David E. Aune, ed., The Blackwell Companion to the New Testament, series: Blackwell Companions to Religion (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010).

Stephen C. Barton, ed., The Cambridge Companion to the Gospels, Cambridge Companions to Religion (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Delbert Burkett, An Introduction to the New Testament and the Origins of Christianity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Ted A. Campbell, The Gospel in Christian Traditions (New York: Oxford University, 2008).

Timothy Carmody, Reading the Bible: A Study Guide (New York: Paulist Press, 2004).  An introduction designed for undergraduates.  Illustrates the “three worlds”:the world behind the text, the world of the text, and the world “in front” of the text.

James G. Crossley, Reading the New Testament: Contemporary Approaches (New York: Routledge, 2010).

Dennis C. Duling & Norman Perrin, The New Testament: Proclamation and Paranesis, Myth and History, 3rd ed..(New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1993).

Bart D. Ehrman, The New Testament: A Historical Introduction to the Early Christian Writings, 4th ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007)

Luke Timothy Johnson, The Writings of the New Testament: An Interpretation, rev. ed. (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2002).  One of the best textbook surveys.

Luke Timothy Johnson, The New Testament: A Very Short Introduction, Very Short Introductions (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010).

Howard Clark Kee, The Beginnings of Christianity: An Introduction to the New Testament (New York / London: T&T Clark, 2005).

William Loader, The New Testament with Imagination: A Fresh Approach to Its Writings and Themes (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2007).

Bruce J. Malina & Richard L. Rohrbaugh, Social-Science Commentary on the Synoptic Gospels, 2nd ed. (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2003).

Mark Allan Powell, Fortress Introduction to the Gospels (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1997).

Graham N. Stanton, The Gospels and Jesus, Oxford Bible Series, 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Ekkehard Stegemann & Wolfgang Stegemenn, The Jesus Movement: A Social History of Its First Century (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1999).

Gerd Theissen, Fortress Introduction to the New Testament, trans. John Bowden (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2003).

Gerd Theissen, The New Testament: A Literary History (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2011).

N.T. Wright, The New Testament and the People of God, Vol. 1 of Christian Origins and the Question of God (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1992).





Michael D. Coogan, Marc Z. Brettler, Carol A. Newsom & Pheme Perkins, eds, The New Oxford Annotated Bible with Apocrypha, Augumented 3rd Edition, New Revised Standard Version(New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).  Most scholars recommend the use of the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) for those who want to do serious scripture study.  This edition has the NRSV translation and includes very valuable introductions, cross-references, and footnotes.


Donald Senior, ed., The Catholic Study Bible: New American Bible, 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006).  The New American Bible is the most widely used Bible by Catholics.  This is a valuable study edition.


Kurt Aland, Synopsis of the Four Gospels: Greek-English Edition (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2006).

Kurt Aland, Synopsis of the Four Gospels: Completely Revised on the Basis of the Greek Text of the Nestle Aland (English-Only Text) (United Bible Societies, 1982).

Adele Berlin, Marc Zvi Brettler & Michael Fishbane, eds., The Jewish Study Bible (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Alfred Marshall, ed., The Interlinear NIV Parallel New Testament in Greek and English (Grand Rapid: Zondervan, 1998).

Albert Pietersma and Benjamin G. Wright, trans. A New English Translation of the Septuagint (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).

Burton H. Throckmorton, Gospel Parallels: A Comparison of the Synoptic Gospels, 5th edition, NRSV translation (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1993).

Walter Wilson, Pauline Parallels (Westminster John Knox, 2009).

Biblia Hebraica—Stuttgartensia, 4th edition (New York: American Bible Society, 1990 / Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgessellschaft).

Greek-English New Testament, 27th Nestle-Aland edition (New York: American Bible Society, 1986 / Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgessellschaft).

Latin Vulgate Bible, ed. Bonifatio Fischer (New York: American Bible Society, 1994 / Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgessellschaft).

Septuaginta, ed. A. Rahifs (New York: American Bible Society, 1979).  The critical edition of Greek Old Testament.



 3. REFERENCE WORKS: Dictionaries, Concordances & One-Volume Commentaries


David Noel Freedman, The Anchor Bible Dictionary, 6 vol. (New York: Doubleday, 1992).  A valuable tool, with up-to-date entries and scholarship.  The place to start when researching key figures and themes.


John Barton & John Muddiman, eds., Oxford Biblical Commentary (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).

John Barton, ed., The Biblical World (New York: Routledge, 2002).

Raymond E. Brown, Joseph A. Fitzmyer, & Roland E. Murphy, ed., The New Jerome Biblical Commentary, revised edition (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1990).

W.R.F. Browning, A Dictionary of the Bible, rev. ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Bruce Chilton, Howard Clark Kee, Eric Meyers, John Rogerson, Amy-Jill Levine & Anthony J. Saldarini, The Cambridge Companion to the Bible, 2nd ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).

Michael D. Coogan, The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Books of the Bible, 2 vol. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Michael Coogan, ed., The Oxford History of the Biblical World (New York: Oxford, 1998).

Adrian Curtis, ed., Oxford Bible Atlas, 4th ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).

Craig Evans & Stanley E. Porter, ed., Dictionary of New Testament Background (Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press, 2000).

William R. Farmer, The International Bible Commentary: A Catholic and Ecumenical Commentary for the 21st Century (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1998).

Edward Goodrick & John R. Kohlenberger, The NIV Exhaustive Concordance (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1990).

Joel B. Green, Scot McKnight, & L. Howard Marshall, eds., Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels (Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press, 1992).

Joel B. Green, Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2011).

Gerald Hawthorne, Ralph Martin, & Daniel Reid, eds., Dictionary of Paul and His Letters: A Compendium of Contemporary Biblical Scholarship (Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press, 1993).

James Harpur and Marcus Braybrooke, The Collegeville Atlas of the Bible: A Visual Guide to the Word in Biblical Times (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1999).

Gerhard Kittel, et al. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, 10 vol., trans. Geoffrey W. Bromiley (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1964-1976).  A classic, now very dated.

John R. Kohlenberger, Edward W. Goodrick, James A. Swanson, eds. The Exhaustive Concordance to the Greek New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1995).

John R. Kohlenberger, ed., The NRSV Concordance: Unabridged (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1991).

John R. Kohlenberger, ed., The Concise Concordance to the New Revised Standard Version (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).

John R. Kohlenberger, ed., The New American Bible Concise Concordance (New York:  Oxford University Press, 2003).

Elizabeth A. Livingstone, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).

Ralph P. Martin & Peter H. Davids, eds., Dictionary of the Later New Testament and Its Developments (Downer Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press, 1998).

James Luther Mays & Joseph Blenkinsopp, ed., HarperCollin’s Bible Commentary, rev. ed. (San Francisco: HarperCollins, 2000).

Daniel Master, ed., Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology, Oxford Encyclopedias of the Bible (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013) hardcover, $395. NEW.

Bruce M. Metzger & Michael D. Coogan, eds., The Oxford Guide to Ideas & Issues of the Bible (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Daniel Patte, ed. The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

J.W. Rogerson & Judith M. Lieu, eds., Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies, Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006).

Katharine Doob Sakenfeld, The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2007-     ) 2 volumes to date (Vol 1: A-C; Vol. 2: D-H).

John A.F. Sawyer, The Blackwell Companion to the Bible and Culture, Blackwell Companions to Religion (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2006).

Carroll Stuhlmueller, The Collegeville Pastoral Dictionary of Biblical Theology (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1996).

Kevin J. Vanhoozer, ed., Dictionary for Theological Interpretation of the Bible (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2005).

Geza Vermes, Who’s Who in the Age of Jesus (London: Penguin, 2006).

James P. Ware, Synopsis of the Pauline Letters in Greek and English (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010).



 4. NEW TESTAMENT GREEK: Grammars & Other Language Tools


Frederick William Danker & William Arndt, ed., A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Christian Literature, 4th edition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000).  This is the standard dictionary for the Greek New Testament, based on Walter Bauer’s classic version.  This recent revision is the first new edition in 20 years.


F. Blass and A. Debrunner, A Greek Grammar of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, trans. Robert W. Funk (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961).

Chrys C. Caragounis, The Development of Greek and the New Testament: Morphology, Syntax, Phonology, and Textual Transmission (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2007).

John Clabeaux, NT Greek: A Systems Approach (with CD-ROM) (Scranton, PA: University of Scranton, 2009).

L. William Countryman, Read It In Greek: An Introduction to New Testament Greek (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1999).

James M. Efird, A Grammar for New Testament Greek (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1990).

Eugene Van Ness Goetchius, The Language of the New Testament (1965; reprint: Prentice-Hall, 1997).

James Allen Hewett, New Testament Greek: A Beginning and Intermediate Grammar (Peabody, MA: Hendrikson, 1986).

Sakae Kubo, A Reader’s Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975).

G.W.H. Lampe, Patristic Greek Lexicon (New York: Oxford University Press, 1961).

A.G. Liddell & R. Scott, Greek-English Lexicon with a Revised Supplement, 9th ed. by Stuart Jones & McKenzie (New York: Clarendon / Oxford University Press, 1996).

William D. Mounce, The Analytical Lexicon to the Greek New Testament (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1993).

William D. Mounce, Basics of Greek Grammar, rev. ed. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2003).

William D. Mounce, A Graded Reader of Biblical Greek (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996).

William D. Mounce, The Morphology of Biblical Greek (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994).

Barclay M. Newman, Jr., A Concise Greek-English Dictionary of the New Testament (New York: United Bible Societies, 1993).

Thomas A. Robinson, Mastering Greek Vocabulary, 2nd ed. (Peabody, MA: Hendrikson, 1990).

Warren C. Trenchard, Complete Vocabulary Guide to the Greek New Testament, rev. ed. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1998).

Daniel B. Wallace, Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997). 

Robert E. Van Voorst, Building Your New Testament Greek Vocabulary (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1990).

J.W. Wenham, Jonathan Pennington & Norman Young, Elements of New Testament Greek, rev. ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Richard E. Whitaker & John R. Kohlenberger, ed., The Analytical Concordance to the Revised Standard Version of the New Testament (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2000).

Max Zerwick & Mary Grosvenor, A Grammatical Analysis of the Greek New Testament, 5th rev. ed. (Rome: Editrice Pontificio Instituto Biblia, 1996).





A.K.M. Adam, What is Post-Modern Biblical Criticism?, Guides to Biblical Scholarship (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1995).

William Baird, History of New Testament Research, 2 vol. (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2002-2013).  Vol. 1: From Deism to Tubingen (1991); Vol. 2: From Jonathan Edwards to Rudolf Bultmann (2002); Vol 3: From C.H. Dodd to Hans Dieter Betz (2013).

John Barton, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Biblical Interpretation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

G.K. Beale, Handbook on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament: Exegesis and Interpretation (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2012).

Raymond E. Brown, The Critical Meaning of the Bible (New York: Paulist Press, 1981).

Christopher Bryan, Listening to the Bible: The Art of Faithful Biblical Interpretation (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013) hardcover, $28. NEW.

Richard Burridge, What Are the Gospels? A Comparison with Greco-Roman Biography, Society for New Testament Studies Monograph 70 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

James G. Crossley, Reading the New Testament: Contemporary Approaches (New York: Routledge, 2010).

David L. Dungan, A History of the Synoptic Problem, Anchor Bible Reference Library (New York: Doubleday, 1999).

John Hall Elliott, What is Social-Scientific Criticism?, Guides to Biblical Scholarship (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1991).

Joel B. Green, Hearing the New Testament: Strategies for Interpretation (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1995).

Alan J. Hauser and Duan F. Watson, eds., A History of Biblical Interpretation, Vol. 2: The Medieval Through the Reformation Periods (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2009).

John H. Hayes, ed., New Testament: History of Interpretation (Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 2005).

Luke Timothy Johnson & William S. Kurz, SJ, The Future of Catholic Biblical Scholarship: A Constructive Conversation (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2002).

Edgar Krentz, The Historical-Critical Method, Guides to Biblical Scholarship (1975; reprint: Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2002).

André Lacocque & Paul Ricoeur, Thinking Biblically: Exegetical and Hermeneutical Studies (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998).

Matthew Levering, Participatory Biblical Exegesis: A Theology of Biblical Interpretation (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2008).

Steven L. McKenzie, How to Read the Bible: History, Prophecy, Literature—Why Modern Readers Need to Know the Difference and What it Means for Faith Today (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009).

Steven L. McKenzie, ed., Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation, Oxford Encyclopedias of the Bible (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013) hardcover, $295. NEW.

Edgar McKnight, What is Form Criticism?, Guides to Biblical Scholarship (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1969).

Bruce M. Metzer & Bart D. Ehrman, The Text of the Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration, 4th  ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Robert Morgan & John Barton, Biblical Interpretation, Oxford Bible Series (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).

John O'Keefe & Russell Reno, Sanctified Vision: An Introduction to Early Christian Interpretation of the Bible (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005).

David C. Parker, An Introduction to the New Testament Manuscripts and Their Texts (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).

David C. Parker, Codex Bezae: An Early Christian Manuscript and Its Text (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).

Daniel Patte, What is Structural Exegesis?, Guides to Biblical Scholarship (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1976).

Norman Perrin, What is Redaction Criticism?, Guides to Biblical Scholarship (1969: reprint: Fortress Press, 2002).

Stanley E. Porter, Handbook to Exegesis of the New Testament (Leiden: Brill, 1997).

Mark Allan Powell, Chasing the Eastern Star: Adventures in Biblical Reader-Response Criticism (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2001).

Mark Allan Powell, What is Narrative Criticism?, Guides to Biblical Scholarship, New Testament Series (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1991).

Stephen Prickett, Reading the Text: Biblical Criticism and Literary Theory (Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1991).

James L. Resseguie, Narrative Criticism of the New Testament: An Introduction (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2005).

Vernon Robbins, Exploring the Texture of Texts: A Guide to Socio-Rhetorical Interpretation (Valley Forge, PA: Trinity Press International, 1996).

Stephen Neill & Tom Wright, The Interpretation of the New Testament, 1861-1986 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).

James Sanders, Canon and Community: A Guide to Canonical Criticism, Guides to Biblical Scholarship (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1984).

Elizabeth Schüssler Fiorenza, Bread Not Stone: The Challenge of Feminist Biblical Interpretation (Boston: Beacon Press, 1995).

Elizabeth Schussler-Fiorenza, Changing Horizons: Explorations of Feminist Interpretation (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2013) hardcover, $50. NEW.

Sandra Schneiders, The Revelatory Text: Interpreting the New Testament as Sacred Scripture (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1999).

Fernando F. Segovia, ed., Teaching the Bible: The Discourses and Politics of Biblical Pedagogy (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1998).

Dan O. Via, What is New Testament Theology?, Guides to Biblical Scholarship, New Testament Series (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2002).

Karin Hedner Zetterholm, Jewish Interpretation of the Bible: Ancient and Contemporary (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2012).

K.O. Wicker, A.S. Miller & M.W. Dube, eds., Feminist New Testament Studies: Global and Future Perspectives, Religion / Culture / Critique (New York: Palgrave, 2005).





  John J. Collins and David Noel Freedman, ed., The Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries, 50 vol. (New Haven: Yale University Press / New York: Doubleday, 1964-2009).  Originally published by Doubleday, this series was taken over by Yale in 2007.  It is a massive, detailed commentary, generally with one volume (or more) devoted to each book of the Bible.  The series as a whole is very good, but certain older volumes are gradually being replaced. The latest volumes include:

  • Joel Marcus, Mark 8-16 (2009).

  • Joseph A. Fitzmyer, First Corinthians (2008).

  • John Reumann, Philippians (2008).

C. Clifton Black, M. Eugene Boring, and John T. Carroll, eds. The New Testament Library (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2002-     ), 12 volumes to date.

Timothy George, ed., Reformation Commentary on Scripture (Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2011-   ). This new series follows the model set by the Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture, culling verse-by-verse commentaries from the leading Protestant reformers (Luther, Calvin, Zwingli, etc.).

Daniel J. Harrington, ed. Sacra Pagina series (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1991-2004).  Now complete.  Consistently high quality recent biblical commentary series.

Leander Keck, ed., The New Interpreter’s Bible, 6 vol. (Nashville: Abingdon, 1994-2002).  Replaces the old Interpreter’s Bible (a standard reference work for preachers).  The New Testament volumes are as follows:

  • Volume 8: General Articles on the New Testament, Matthew, Mark (1995)

  • Volume 9: Luke, John (1995).

  • Volume 10: R. Wall, J. Paul Sampley & N.T. Wright, eds., Acts-First Corinthians (2002).

  • Volume 11: J. Paul Sampley, Abraham Smith & Judith Gundry-Volf, Second Corinthians-Philippians (2000).

  • Volume 12: Hebrews, James, 1 & 2 Peter, Revelation (1998).

I. Howard Marshall and Donald A. Hagner, eds., New International Greek Testament Commentary (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991-    ), 8 volumes to date.  As the title implies, this commentary presumes readers can follow a discussion that includes discussion of the Greek text.  For more advanced students.

Thomas C. Oden & Christopher H. Hall, ed., The Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture (Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press, 1998-     ).  This revives the medieval tradition of the glossa ordinaria, taking the biblical text verse by verse and then quoting what various Church Fathers said about it. This has been criticized on various counts; it relies largely on earlier translations.

Mikeal C. Parsons and Charles H. Talbot, Paideia: Commentaries on the New Testament (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2008-    ).  19 volumes to date.  The focus of the commentary is the final form of the New Testament text (rather than sources behind the text), focusing especially on the literary unity of the individual New Testament books.

Robert Louis Wilken, The Church's Bible: Interpreted by Early Christian Commentators (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2007-    ), 4 volumes to date.  Like the Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture, this gather commentary from the Church Fathers on individual biblical books, but this project is more ambitious in that the editors have done fresh translations of the patristic texts.

Peter Williamson, Mary Healy, and Kevin Perrotta, eds., Catholic Commentary on Scripture (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2008-    ).  15 volumes to date.  A major new commentary series by leading Catholic exegetes, taking its cues from Vatican II's Dei Verbum.

Hermeneia, 25 vol. to date (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1970s-     ).  Technical, but generally excellent.  Some are translations from a German series while others have been written especially for the English series.  It includes a few volumes beyond the New Testament canon (Letters of Ignatius of Antioch, Shepherd of Hermas, the Q Document, The Apostolic Tradition).





Paul M. Blowers, The Bible in Greek Christian Antiquity (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1997).

Harry Y. Gamble, Books and Readers in the Early Church: A History of Early Christian Texts (New Haven: Yale, 1995).  A superb and original study of how early books were made, collected, and used.

Christine Helmer and Christof Landmesser, eds., One Scripture or Many?: Canon from Biblical, Theological, and Philosophical Perspectives (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Charles E. Hill, Who Chose the Gospels? Probing the Great Gospel Conspiracy (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010).

Charles E. Hill and Michael J. Kruger, eds., The Early Text of the New Testament (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012).

Larry W. Hurtado, The Earliest Christian Artifacts: Manuscripts and Christian Origins (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2006).

James L. Kugel & Rowan A. Greer, Early Biblical Interpretation, Library of Early Christianity 3 (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1986).

Timothy Michael Law, When God Spoke Greek: The Septuagint and the Making of the Christian Bible (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013) paperback, $25. NEW.

Lee Martin McDonald, The Biblical Canon: Its Origin, Transmission, and Authority (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic [formerly available from Hendrickson], 2007).

Bruce Metzger, The Canon of the New Testament: Its Origin, Development, and Significance (New York: Clarendon / Oxford University Press, 1987).

Bruce Metzger, The Early Versions of the New Testament: Their Origins, Transmission, and Limitations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977).

Stanley E. Porter, How We Got the New Testament: Text, Transmission, Translation (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2013) paperback, $22. NEW.





David E. Aune, Apocalypticism, Prophecy and Magic in Early Christianity: Collected Essays, Wiseenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2006).

David L. Balch & Carolyn Osiek, eds., Early Christian Families in Context: An Interdisciplinary Dialogue (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2003).

Mary Beard, John North, & Simon Price, Religions of Rome, Volume 1: A History; Vol. 2: A Sourcebook (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Warren Carter, The Roman Empire and the New Testament: An Essential Guide, Abingdon Essential Guides (Nashville: Abingdon, 2006).

David R. Cartlidge & David Dungan, eds., Documents for the Study of the Gospels (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993).

Richard J. Cassidy, Christians and Roman Rule in the New Testament: New Perspectives, Companions to the New Testament Series (New York: Crossroads, 2001).

John C. Cavadini, ed., Miracles in Jewish and Christian Antiquity: Imaging Truth (Notre Dame, 1999).

Lynn H. Cohick, Women in the World of Earliest Christianity (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2009).

John J. Collins, Between Athens and Jerusalem: Jewish Identity in the Hellenistic Diaspora, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1999).

John J. Collins, ed., The Oxford Handbook of Apocalyptic Literature (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014) hardcover, $150. NEW.

Wendy Cotter, ed., Miracles in Graeco-Roman Antiquity: A Sourcebook, Context of Early Christianity 1 (New York: Routledge, 1999).

Everett Ferguson, Backgrounds of Early Christianity, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1993).  A valuable anthology of source documents.

John T. Fitzgerald, Thomas H. Oldbricht & L. Michael White, eds., Early Christianity and Classic Culture: Comparative Studies in Honor of Abraham J. Malherbe, Novum Testamentum Supplements 110 (Atlanta: the Society of Biblical Literature, 2003).

Joseph A. Fitzmyer, The Semitic Background of the New Testament, rev. ed. (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1997).

Jennifer A. Glancy, Slavery in Early Christianity (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2006).

Michael Grant, Atlas of Classical History, 5th edition (New York: Oxford, 1994).

Joel B. Green and Lee Martin McDonald, eds., The World of the New Testament: Cultural, Social, and Historical Contexts (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2013) hardcover, $50. NEW.

Martin Hengel, Judaism and Hellenism, 2 vol. (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1974).

Catherine Hezser, ed., The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine, Oxford Handbooks (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010).

Simon Hornblower, ed., Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Simon Hornblower and Anthony Spawforth, eds., The Oxford Classical Dictionary, 3rd edition (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996).

Richard A. Horsley, Galilee: History, Politics, People (Valley Forge, PA: Trinity Press International, 1995).

Richard A. Horsley, Jesus and Empire: The Kingdom of God and the New World Disorder (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2002).

Richard A. Horsley, Scribes, Visionaries, and the Politics of Second Temple Judea (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2007).

Joachim Jeremias, Jerusalem in the Time of Jesus (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1975).  A classic.

Luke Timothy Johnson, Among the Gentiles: Greco-Roman Religion and Christianity, Anchor Yale Reference Libary (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009).

Marcel Le Glay, Jean-Louis Voisin, & Yann LeBohec, A History of Rome, 3rd ed. (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2004).

Mary R. Lefkowitz & Maureen B. Fant, ed., Women’s Lives in Greece and Rome: A Source Book in Translation (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1982).  A superb anthology of original sources.

Timothy H. Lim and John J. Collins, eds., The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010).

Jodi Magness, Stone and Dung, Oil and Spit: Jewish Daily Life in the Time of Jesus (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2011).

Abraham J. Malherbe, Moral Exhortation: A Greco-Roman Sourcebook, Library of Early Christianity 4 (Philadelphia: Westminster John Knox, 1986).

Bruce J. Malina, The Social World of Jesus and the Gospels (New York: Routledge, 1996).

Bruce J. Malina, The New Testament World: Insights from Cultural Anthropology, 3rd ed. (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2001).

Bruce J. Malina, Windows on the World of Jesus: Time Travel to Ancient Judea (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 1993).

Jerome Murphy-O’Connor, The Holy Land: An Oxford Archaeological Guide from Earliest times to 1700, 4th ed., Oxford Archaeological Guides (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Douglas E. Neel and Joel A. Pugh, The Food and Feasts of Jesus: Inside the World of First Century Fare, with Menus and Recipes (Rowman & Littlefield, 2012) paperback, $40.

Ehud Netzer, The Architecture of Herod, the Great Builder, Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism 7 (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2006).

Carolyn Osiek, What are they saying about the Social Setting of the New Testament? (New York: Paulist Press, 1992).

Judith Perkins, Roman Imperial Identities in the Early Christian Era, series: Routledge Monographs in Classical Studies (London/New York: Routledge, 2009).

Michael Peppard, The Son of God in the Roman World: Divine Sonship in its Social and Political Context (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Mark Reasoner, ed. Roman Imperial Texts: A Sourcebook (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2013) paperback, $49. NEW.

John Roberts, The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World, Oxford Paperback Reference (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).

M.B. Roller, Dining Posture in Ancient Rome: Bodies, Values, and Status (Princeton: Prince University Press, 2006).

Anthony J. Saldarini, Pharisees, Scribes, and Sadducees in Palestinian Society: A Sociological Approach (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2001).

H. Gregory Snyder, Teachers and Texts in the Ancient World: Philosophers, Jews, and Christians, Religion in the First Christian Centuries (New York: Routledge, 2000).

John E. Stambaugh & David L. Balch, The New Testament in Its Social Environment, Library of Early Christianity 2 (Philadelphia: Westminster John Knox, 1986).

Wolfgang Stegemann, Bruce Malina & Gerd Theissen, eds., The Social Setting of Jesus and the Gospels (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2002). 

Stanley K. Stowers, Letter Writing in Greco-Roman Antiquity, Library of Early Christianity 5 (Westminster John Knox, 1986).

Gerd Theissen, Sociology of Early Palestinian Christianity, trans. J. Bowden (Philadelphia: Fortress Press).

Gerd Theissen, The Social Setting of Pauline Christianity, trans. John Schutz (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1982).

Gerd Theissen, Social Reality and the Early Christians: Theology, Ethics, and the World of the New Testament (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1999).

Robert Turcan, The Cults of the Roman Empire (Oxford: Blackwell, 1996).

L. Michael White & O. Larry Yarbrough, The Social World of the First Christians: Essays in Honor of Wayne A. Meeks (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1995).



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